Shannon A. Zirbel

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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Previous studies have investigated the relationship between the degeneration grade of the intervertebral disc (IVD) and the flexibility of the functional spinal unit (FSU) but were completed at room temperature without the presence of a compressive follower load. This study builds on previous work by performing the testing under more(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The soft tissues of the spine exhibit sensitivity to strain-rate and temperature, yet current knowledge of spine biomechanics is derived from cadaveric testing conducted at room temperature at very slow, quasi-static rates. PURPOSE The primary objective of this study was to characterize the change in segmental flexibility of cadaveric(More)
The experimentally determined torque-rotation curve of the lumbar spine is mathematically described with a proposed dual-inflection point Boltzmann equation. The result is a method for describing functional spinal unit motion data. The benefit of the model is that each of the coefficients has a specific meaning in relation to the torque-rotation curve: the(More)
Compliant bistable mechanisms are monolithic devices with two stable equilibrium positions separated by an unstable equilibrium position. They show promise in space applications as nonexplosive release mechanisms in deployment systems, thereby eliminating friction and improving the reliability and precision of those mechanical devices. This paper presents(More)
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