Shannon A. Bainbridge

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Preeclampsia is associated with impaired uteroplacental adaptations during pregnancy and abnormalities in the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)-NO pathway, but whether eNOS deficiency plays a causal role is unknown. Thus, the objective of the current study was to determine the role of eNOS in the mother and/or conceptus in uteroplacental changes during(More)
Placental hypoxia as a result of impaired trophoblast invasion is suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. Hypoxia is a potent stimulus for the release of adenosine, and the actions of adenosine are mediated through four adenosine receptors, A(1), A(2A), A(2B) and A(3). We investigated the presence, distribution and expression of(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) is one of the metabolites formed via heme oxidation catalysed by the enzyme heme oxygenase (HO). Endogenous formation of CO, mediated by HO, has been noted in both placental and umbilical vessels. In blood vessels from different mammalian sources, it has been proposed that the vasodilator effect of CO is mediated via stimulation of(More)
Damage of the placenta resulting from ischemia-reperfusion is important to the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. Here we investigated whether low concentrations of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), a nitric oxide mimetic with anti-apoptotic properties, inhibit hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced apoptosis in the syncytiotrophoblast of chorionic villous explants from(More)
Pre-eclampsia, a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, affects 5 to 7% of pregnancies. Oxidative stress-induced placental injury and subsequent release of placental debris into the maternal circulation are key pathogenic events in the progression of pre-eclampsia. Women who smoke cigarettes throughout pregnancy are 33% less likely to develop this disorder(More)
BACKGROUND Preeclampsia (PE) is a life-threatening hypertensive pathology of pregnancy affecting 3-5% of all pregnancies. To date, PE has no cure, early detection markers, or effective treatments short of the removal of what is thought to be the causative organ, the placenta, which may necessitate a preterm delivery. Additionally, numerous small placental(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether pregnancies that were achieved via oocyte donation, compared with pregnancies achieved via other assisted reproductive technology methods or natural conception, demonstrate increased risk of preeclampsia or gestational hypertension. Comparative studies of pregnancies that were achieved with oocyte donation(More)
It is not known whether eNOS deficiency in the mother or the conceptus (ie, placenta and fetus) causes fetal growth restriction in mice lacking the endothelial NO synthase gene (eNOS knockout [KO]). We hypothesized that eNOS sustains fetal growth by maintaining low fetoplacental vascular tone and promoting fetoplacental vascularity and that this is a(More)
Ataxia-Telangiectasia (A-T) is a genetic condition leading to neurological defects and immune deficiency. The nature of the immune deficiency is highly variable, and in some cases causes significant morbidity and mortality due to recurrent sinopulmonary infections. Although the neurological defects in A-T are progressive, the natural history of the immune(More)