Shanna M. Wilson

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Treating H441 cells with dexamethasone raised the abundance of mRNA encoding the epithelial Na(+) channel alpha- and beta-subunits and increased transepithelial ion transport (measured as short-circuit current, I(sc)) from <4 microA.cm(-2) to 10-20 microA.cm(-2). This dexamethasone-stimulated ion transport was blocked by amiloride analogs with a rank order(More)
In the fetus, there is a net secretion of liquid (LL) by the lung as a result of active transport of chloride ions. The rate of secretion and the resulting volume of LL are vital for normal lung growth but how volume is sensed and how secretion may be regulated are still unknown. Towards term under the influence of thyroid and adrenocorticoid hormones, the(More)
The perforated patch recording technique was used to investigate the effects of dexamethasone (0.2 microm, 24-30 h), a synthetic glucocorticoid, on membrane conductance in the human airway epithelial cell line H441. Under zero current clamp conditions this hormone induced amiloride-sensitive depolarization of the membrane potential (V(m)). Lowering external(More)
In the present study we provided a morphological and transcriptomic comparison of adult porcine adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC) and bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSC) as they differentiated in vitro towards the os-teogenic and adipogenic lineages for up to 4 weeks. The long term goal of this comparison is to assess the possibility of using ADSC as a(More)
1 Rat foetal distal lung epithelial cells were plated onto permeable supports where they became integrated into epithelial sheets that spontaneously generated short circuit current (ISC). 2 Apical ATP (100 microM) evoked a transient fall in ISC that was followed by a rise to a clear peak which, in turn, was succeeded by a slowly developing decline to a(More)
Electrophysiological studies of H441 human distal airway epithelial cells showed that thapsigargin caused a Ca(2+)-dependent increase in membrane conductance (G(Tot)) and hyperpolarization of membrane potential (V(m)). These effects reflected a rapid rise in cellular K(+) conductance (G(K)) and a slow fall in amiloride-sensitive Na(+) conductance (G(Na)).(More)
Changes in intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) were monitored in a cell line that was derived from the equine sweat gland epithelium. ATP and closely related compounds could increase [Ca2+]i with a rank order of potency of UTP > or = ATP > ADP >> AMP = adenosine = alpha,beta-methylene-ATP. The responses to ATP and to UTP were initiated by the(More)
We explored the relationship between nucleotide-evoked changes in intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and anion secretion by measuring [Ca2+]i and I(SC) simultaneously in Fura-2-loaded, cultured equine sweat gland epithelia. Apical ATP, UTP or UDP elicited sustained increases in [Ca2+]i that were initiated by the mobilization of cytoplasmic Ca2+ but(More)
Fragments of rat submandibular gland were loaded with 86Rb+ and superfused so that the rate of 86Rb(+)-efflux could be quantified as an indicator of potassium permeability. Acetylcholine evoked an increase in permeability consisting of a transient, calcium-independent response and a sustained, calcium-dependent. Total removal of external sodium(More)
The changes in cytoplasmic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) which occur in isolated human sweat glands during cholinergic stimulation have been studied indirectly by monitoring potassium permeability. The acetylcholine-evoked permeability increase normally consists of transient and sustained phases which are attributed to the mobilization of intracellular calcium(More)