Shanmugha Sundaram

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CONTEXT Most of the information on remission related factors in Grave's disease are derived from Western literature. It is likely that there may be additional prognostic factors and differences in the postdrug treatment course of Grave's disease in India. AIM To study factors which predict remission/relapse in Grave's disease patients from South India.(More)
Consideration of biomaterials for blood-contacting applications should take into account blood-biomaterial interactions, factors influencing the blood response and evaluation procedures. Examination of blood-biomaterial interactions indicates that relevant features are protein adsorption, platelet reactions, intrinsic coagulation, fibrinolytic activity,(More)
The biocompatibility of artificial organs is recognised as an area presenting difficulties in terms of the complexity of the situation. The nature of the blood response involving interactions of systems, pattern and extent of change, patient status and the influence of the whole device contribute to the complexity. Recognising these, the profile of the(More)
Monitoring of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in terms of alterations to the concentrations of selected blood constituents leads to contrasting patterns of response. This has been verified by determining the influence of CPB on the activation of fibrinolysis, complement, leucocytes and the contact phase of coagulation. Fibrinolytic activity was determined by(More)
Endotoxin activates complement and white blood cells and all are implicated in the pathologic effects of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We investigated if reduction in intestinal bacterial load with a laxative and/or pulsatile perfusion to improve bowel circulation during CPB reduced endotoxemia and complement and white blood cell activation. Sixty patients(More)
Monitoring of the influence of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on hematologic parameters is relevant to an improved understanding of the pathophysiology produced, as well as for the development of improved methods. The selection of suitable parameters is highly important. In this study, both contact phase activation and leukocyte response have been studied.(More)
We investigated hemodialysis membrane biocompatibility with respect to contact phase activation by determination of FXII-like activity (FXIIA) on the membrane surface and in the supernatant phase, during plasma contact with various hemodialysis membranes using an in vitro incubation test cell. The results were compared to the influence of these membranes on(More)
Peripheral access cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is initiated with percutaneous cannulae (CTRL) and venous drainage is often impeded due to smaller vessel and cannula size. A new cannula (Smartcanula, SC) was developed which can change shape in situ and, therefore, may improve venous drainage. Its performance was evaluated using a 2-D computational fluid(More)
Knowledge of the influence of biomaterials on the contact phase activation of blood is important. Consequently, it is important to examine if the biomaterial influence is modified by the action of anticoagulants. Contact activation was determined by measuring FXII activity (FXIIA) by a chromogenic substrate assay. Cuprophan in the absence of anticoagulants(More)