Learn More
The potential for inhibitors of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation to act as inhibitors of muscle protein degradation in cancer cachexia has been evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Activation of NF-kappaB is important in the induction of proteasome expression and protein degradation by the tumour factor, proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF), since(More)
Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) plays critical roles in neurotransmission, synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. The aim of this study was to examine, by in situ hybridization, prefrontal cortical expression of CaMKII alpha mRNA in postmortem brains of unipolar, bipolar, schizophrenic, and control subjects. Compared to controls,(More)
Induction of lipolysis in murine white adipocytes, and stimulation of adenylate cyclase in adipocyte plasma membranes, by a tumour-produced lipid mobilizing factor, was attenuated by low concentrations (10(-7)--10(-5)M) of the specific beta3-adrenoceptor antagonist SR59230A. Lipid mobilizing factor (250 nM) produced comparable increases in intracellular(More)
Loss of adipose tissue in cancer cachexia in mice bearing the MAC16 tumour arises from an increased lipid mobilisation through increased expression of zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG) in white (WAT) and brown (BAT) adipose tissue. Glucocorticoids have been suggested to increase ZAG expression, and this study examines their role in cachexia and the mechanisms(More)
Abnormal cortical and subcortical dopaminergic activities are among the most consistent neuropathological findings in schizophrenia. The molecular mechanisms remain unspecified. NGFI-B and Nurr1 are two closely related transcription factors involved in dopaminergic cell differentiation, maturation, and apoptosis. NGFI-B knockout mice show attenuated(More)
Abnormal prefrontal cortical activity, activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, and deficits in slow-wave sleep (SWS) have been extensively reported in patients with affective disorders and schizophrenia, yet the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have not been completely elucidated. Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and(More)
Ro15-4513 (ethyl-8-azido-5,6-dihydro-5methyl-6-oxo-4H-imidazo-[1,5-a]-1,4-benzodiazepine-3-carboxylate), a benzodiazepine partial inverse agonist of the GABA(A) receptor, is known to protect against alcohol toxicities. The present study was designed to determine the role of Ro15-4513 in preventing anticonvulsant, toxic, and lethal effects of carbamazepine(More)
The abnormalities of lipid metabolism observed in cancer cachexia may be induced by a lipid-mobilizing factor produced by adenocarcinomas. The specific molecules and metabolic pathways that mediate the actions of lipid-mobilizing factor are not known. The mitochondrial uncoupling proteins-1, -2 and -3 are suggested to play essential roles in energy(More)
The ability of angiotensin I (Ang I) and II (Ang II) to induce directly protein degradation in skeletal muscle has been studied in murine myotubes. Angiotensin I stimulated protein degradation with a parabolic dose-response curve and with a maximal effect between 0.05 and 0.1 microM. The effect was attenuated by coincubation with the angiotensin-converting(More)
Extensive loss of adipose tissue is a hallmark of cancer cachexia but the cellular and molecular basis remains unclear. This study has examined morphologic and molecular characteristics of white adipose tissue in mice bearing a cachexia-inducing tumour, MAC16. Adipose tissue from tumour-bearing mice contained shrunken adipocytes that were heterogeneous in(More)