Shang-Jin Shi

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Insomnia is a common symptom, not only in the adult population but also in many astronauts. Hypnotics, such as temazepam (a benzodiazepine) and zolpidem (an imidazopyridine), are often taken to relieve insomnia. Temazepam has been shown clinically to have hemodynamic side effects, particularly in the elderly; however, the mechanism is not clear. Zolpidem(More)
BACKGROUND During stand/tilt tests after spaceflight, 20% of astronauts experience orthostatic hypotension and presyncope. Spaceflight-induced hypovolemia is a contributing factor. Fludrocortisone, a synthetic mineralocorticoid, has been shown to increase plasma volume and orthostatic tolerance in Earth-bound patients. The efficacy of fludrocortisone as a(More)
INTRODUCTION Astronauts experience both orthostatic hypotension and space motion sickness during re-entry. Midodrine, an alpha1-adrenergic agonist, is used to treat orthostatic hypotension. Promethazine, a histamine H1-receptor antagonist, is prescribed for space motion sickness. Many astronauts need both midodrine and promethazine. This study evaluated the(More)
Spaceflight-induced hypovolemia requires astronauts to mount a hyper-sympathetic response in order to complete a tilt test on landing day. We tested the hypothesis that experimentallyinduced hypovolemia, in the absence of spaceflight, also requires a hyper-sympathetic response during tilt. We studied 17 subjects during normovolemia and hypovolemia. Plasma(More)
Circulating blood volume is reduced during spaceflight, making astronauts hemodynamically compromised. After landing, astronauts separate into two groups. One group compensates for the hypovolemia with a hyper-sympathetic response during upright tilt testing and can complete a tilt test with few symptoms. The other group is unable to mount a(More)
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