Shang A. Loh

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Hypertrophic scars occur following cutaneous wounding and result in severe functional and esthetic defects. The pathophysiology of this process remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that mechanical stress applied to a healing wound is sufficient to produce hypertrophic scars in mice. The resulting scars are histopathologically identical(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related impairments in wound healing are associated with decreased neovascularization, a process that is regulated by hypoxia-responsive cytokines, including stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 alpha. Interleukin-1 beta is an important inflammatory cytokine involved in wound healing and is believed to regulate SDF-1 alpha expression(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced age is known to impair neovascularization. Because endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in this process, we examined the effects of aging on EPC recruitment and vascular incorporation. METHODS AND RESULTS Murine neovascularization was examined by use of an ischemic flap model, which demonstrated aged mice (19 to 24 months)(More)
BACKGROUND Prosthetic grafts for lower-extremity bypass have limited patency compared with autologous vein grafts. Precuffed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts alter the geometry of the distal hood to improve patency. This study reports the authors' long-term results on the use of precuffed ePTFE grafts for infrainguinal bypasses in patients(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of vascular injuries on patient mortality has not been well evaluated in multi-trauma patients. This study seeks to determine (1) whether the presence of vascular trauma negatively affects outcome compared with nonvascular trauma (NVT) and (2) the utility of existing severity scoring systems in predicting mortality among vascular(More)
BACKGROUND The PEAK PlasmaBlade is a new electrosurgical device that uses pulsed radiofrequency to generate a plasma-mediated discharge along the exposed rim of an insulated blade, creating an effective cutting edge while the blade stays near body temperature. METHODS Full-thickness incisions were made on the dorsums of pigs with the PlasmaBlade, a(More)
Background—Advanced age is known to impair neovascularization. Because endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) participate in this process, we examined the effects of aging on EPC recruitment and vascular incorporation. Methods and Results—Murine neovascularization was examined by use of an ischemic flap model, which demonstrated aged mice (19 to 24 months) had(More)
Iatrogenic arterial injury is an uncommon but recognized complication of posterior spinal surgery. The spectrum of injuries includes vessel perforation leading to hemorrhage, delayed pseudoaneurysm formation, and threatened perforation by screw impingement on arterial vessels. Repair of these injuries traditionally involved open direct vessel repair or(More)
Anastomotic pseudoaneurysms represent an uncommon and challenging complication of open aortic repair with prosthetic graft. First characterized by Clayton et al. in 1956, they affect approximately 1.4-4% of arterial anastomoses. These pseudoaneurysms are the result of many factors, foremost of which are infection, integrity of the host tissue, surgical(More)
Current treatment guidelines of symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid stenosis are based on studies performed over a decade ago. Since that time, significant advances have been made in medical management, namely high dose statin therapy and improved antiplatelet agents, and in carotid interventions, namely the advent of carotid artery stenting. Especially(More)