Shanbin Lu

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Lots of researches were focus on aerodynamic characters of the head, top and tail of vehicle in the past, but researches on bottom of vehicle were quite rare. This has been changed in these days. Optimization of aerodynamics via shape of vehicle was limited by modern automotive styling. So the focus has been moved to bottom of vehicle. In current work, the(More)
The element warpage which was caused by condition that the four nodes of spacial quadrilateral element may not be coplanar affects stiffness matrix and nodal force vector of element. In order to improve the simulation accuracy, the modified four-node isoparametric membrane element was applied to one step forming. The computer program was also implemented.(More)
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