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This paper represents a comprehensive study of English loanword usage in five diverse francophone neighborhoods in the national capital region of Canada. Twenty thousand loan tokens extracted from informal conversations with 120 speakers are analyzedfor degree oflinguistic integration into French and social assimilation by the francophone community.(More)
The occurrence of code-switching, or the seemingly random alternation of two languages both between and within sentences, has been shown to be governed not only by extra-linguistic but also linguistic factors. For the balanced bilingual, code­ switching appears to be subject to an 'equivalence constraint' (Pop lack , 1978): i.e. it tends to occur at points(More)
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Studies of language change have begun to contribute to answering several pressing questions in cognitive sciences, including the origins of human language capacity, the social construction of cognition and the mechanisms underlying culture change in general. Here, we describe recent advances within a new emerging framework for the study of language change,(More)
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to express our gratitude to the following sponsors for their generous support of LSRL 41: LSRL would not have been possible without the energy, dedication and hard work of the student members of the LSRL Organizing committee: Lorenzo Patino, Mélissa Chiasson and Yukiko Yoshizumi. We are also grateful to the many student(More)
Montréal. Il a pour mission la promotion et la valorisation de la recherche. Érudit offre des services d'édition numérique de documents scientifiques depuis 1998. Note : les règles d'écriture des références bibliographiques peuvent varier selon les différents domaines du savoir. Ce document est protégé par la loi sur le droit d'auteur. L'utilisation des(More)
Though recent sociolinguistic research has made great strides in assessing the nature and extent of linguistic change over the lifespan, many questions remain. Are some linguistic levels more labile than others? Is change limited to rates, or is structure affected as well? How are outcomes shaped by the social histories of individual speakers? To address(More)
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