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RATIONALE Early environment can shape the development and function of the mesocorticolimbic dopamine (DA) system and represents a possible risk factor for adult pathologies. One critical variable in the early environment is nutrition, and exposure to high fat (HF) in adulthood is known to change this DA system. OBJECTIVES We tested whether perinatal HF(More)
These studies examined the hypothesis that a single large dose of monoclonal anti-phencyclidine (PCP) antibody could provide long-term reductions in brain PCP concentrations despite continuous PCP administration. PCP (18 mg/kg/day, s.c.) was infused to steady-state (24 h) and then a mole-equivalent dose of a short-acting anti-PCP antigen-binding fragment(More)
These studies examined the role of (+)-methamphetamine ((+)METH) administration route on spontaneous behavioral activity vs. time relationships, and pharmacokinetic mechanisms for differences in effects. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=6 per administration route) received saline and three doses (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg) of (+)METH in a mixed-sequence design by(More)
(+)-Methamphetamine (METH) and (+)-amphetamine (AMP) are structurally similar drugs that are reported to induce similar pharmacological effects in rats of the same sex. Because pharmacokinetic data suggest female rats should be more affected than males, the current studies sought to test the hypothesis that the behavioral and temporal actions of METH and(More)
The purpose of these studies was to better understand the behavioral effects and pharmacokinetics of an i.v. bolus dose of (+)-methamphetamine [(+)-METH] in a rat model of (+)-METH abuse. We characterized the behavioral effects after increasing (+)-METH doses (0.1, 0.3, and 1.0 mg/kg) and the pharmacokinetics of (+)-METH (and its metabolite (+)-amphetamine(More)
After viewing a crime video, participants answered 16 answerable and 6 unanswerable questions. Those in the "voluntary guess" condition had a "don't know" response option; those in the "forced guess" condition did not. One week later the same questions were answered with a "don't know" option. In both experiments, information generated from forced(More)
The relationship between each of two pharmacologic effects (tachycardia and psychological "high") of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and plasma THC concentration was investigated in three male and three female experienced marihuana smokers. Each subject smoked 1% THC cigarette on two occasions separated by 2 h. Heart rate and subjective psychological(More)
These studies examined the effects of a high-affinity anti-(+)-methamphetamine monoclonal antibody (mAb; KD = 11 nM) on (+)-methamphetamine [(+)-METH] and (+)-amphetamine [(+)-AMP] serum and tissue disposition and serum protein binding following i.v. (+)-METH administration. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with a buffer solution (control rats) or(More)
We have previously demonstrated elevation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in the cerebellum from patients with schizophrenia, an illness that may involve dysfunction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. Since the NMDA antagonist, phencyclidine (PCP), produces schizophrenic-like symptoms in humans, and abnormal behavior in(More)
Developing specific medications to treat (+)-methamphetamine (METH) addiction is a difficult challenge because METH has multiple sites of action that are intertwined with normal neurological function. As a result, no small molecule medication for the treatment of METH addiction has made it through the FDA clinical trials process. With the invention of a new(More)