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BACKGROUND CONTEXT There are few comparisons of Modic changes (MCs) in the lumbar and cervical spine. PURPOSE Compare the prevalence of MCs in the lumbar and cervical spine, and determine how MC prevalence depends on spinal pain, age, disc degeneration, spinal level, and the presence or absence of kyphosis. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective clinical survey. (More)
PURPOSE To describe the microarchitecture of the annulus-endplate region with reference to disc herniation. METHODS Twenty-five motion segments (L1-2 to L5-S1) were harvested from five cadaveric spines (four males, one female). Superior and inferior annulus-endplate junctions were divided into anterior, lateral and posterior regions. Tissue blocks were(More)
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