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Oxygen availability is a potential rate-limiting step in the bioelectrochemical process catalyzed by microbes in microbial fuel cells (MFC). Determination of oxygen availability using a minimally invasive oxygen sensor is advantageous in terms of ease of usage, maintenance and cost-effectiveness as compared to using conventional probe-type oxygen sensors.(More)
Dongfang no. 6, an intraspecific hybrid of kelp (Saccharina japonica) which was high in yield and had a high stress tolerance and was suitable for processing, was bred by crossing scientifically selected parental gametophyte clones. The sporophyte of the hybrid was raised by crossing a female gametophyte clone isolated from a Korean ecotype of S. japonica(More)
In bulk materials, defects are usually considered to be unwanted since deviations from perfect lattices may degrade device performance. Interestingly, the presence of defects throws open new possibilities in the case of nanostructures due to the properties related to their limited size scale. Defects and disorders which alter the electronic structure of(More)
We demonstrated that a power limiting mechanism could potentially be used for self-adaptive, all-optical Fourier image processing. Reverse saturable absorbers like porphyrins are chosen due to their fluence dependent power limiting property, which triggers at relatively low intensities. At low input intensities, below the power-limiting threshold, the 4-f(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) exhibit excellent nonlinear optical (NLO) properties due to the delocalized π electron states present along their tube axis. Using the open aperture Z-scan method in tandem with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy, we demonstrate the simultaneous tailoring of both electronic and NLO(More)
An unexpected presence of ferromagnetic (FM) ordering in nanostructured ZnO has been reported previously. Recently, from our detailed magnetization studies and ab initio calculations, we attributed this FM ordering in nanostructured ZnO to the presence of surface states, and a direct correlation between the magnetic properties and crystallinity of ZnO was(More)
We explore the effects of crystallite size (L(a)) on the linear and non-linear optical properties of chemical vapor deposition grown polycrystalline graphene. The π-plasmon resonance present at ∼4.75 eV (∼260 nm) in the optical absorption spectrum of graphene follows the empirical relationship λ(π) = 250.5 nm + 89.5 nm(2)/L(a), where λ(π) represents the(More)
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