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Strains of yeast carrying mutations in many of the steps in pathways repairing radiation-induced damage to DNA have enhanced spontaneous mutation rates. Most strains isolated because they have enhanced spontaneous mutation carry mutations in DNA repair systems. This suggests that much spontaneous mutation arises by mutagenic repair of spontaneous lesions.
A central goal of evolutionary biology is to link genomic change to phenotypic evolution. The origin of new transcription factors is a special case of genomic evolution since it brings opportunities for novel regulatory interactions and potentially the emergence of new biological properties. We demonstrate that a group of four homeobox gene families (Argfx,(More)
As the last few decades of work has shown, precise regulation of biosynthesis and release of arthropod hormones is essential to cope with environmental stresses and challenges. In crustaceans and insects, the sesquiterpenoids methyl farnesoate (MF), farnesoic acid (FA) and juvenile hormone (JH) regulate many developmental, physiological, and reproductive(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Because several miRNAs are known to affect the stability or translation of developmental regulatory genes, the origin of novel miRNAs may have contributed to the evolution of developmental processes and morphology. Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) is a species-rich(More)
Characterization of two antimutator loci in yeast shows that both are members of the same mutagenic repair system known to be responsible for almost all induced mutation (LAWRENCE and CHRISTENSEN 1976, 1979a,b; PRAKASH 1976). One of the these newly isolated antimutator mutations is an allele of rev3 (LEMONTT 1971b). Two other alleles of rev3 were tested and(More)
Introns represent a potentially rich source of existing transcription for the evolution of novel microRNAs (miRNAs). Within the Hox gene clusters, a miRNA gene, miR-615, is located within the intron of the Hoxc5 gene. This miRNA has a restricted phylogenetic distribution, providing an opportunity to examine the origin and evolution of a new miRNA within the(More)
Comparison of the Effects of d-Amphetamine and Morphine upon the Locomotor Activity of Mice / Treated with Drugs Which Alter Brain Catecholamine Content. J. E. VILLARREAL, M. GuzMAN AND C. B. SMITH 1 ‘ Comparison of Chiorpromazine, Imipramine, Morphine and d-Amphetamine Self Administration in Cocaine-1)ependent Rhesus Monkeys. FRIEDRICH HOFFMEISTER AND(More)
MicroRNA-138 (miR-138) is a pro-survival oncomiR for glioma stem cells. In malignant gliomas, dysregulated expression of microRNAs, such as miR-138, promotes Tumour initiation and progression. Here, we identify the ancillary role of the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ) as a transcriptional activator of miR-138. We demonstrate that a short 158 bp(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of animal development and other processes, and impart robustness to living systems through post-transcriptional regulation of specific mRNA transcripts. It is postulated that newly emergent miRNAs are generally expressed at low levels and with spatiotemporally restricted expression domains, thus minimising effects(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. Because several miRNAs are known to affect the stability or translation of developmental regulatory genes, the origin of novel miRNAs may have contributed to the evolution of developmental processes and morphology. Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) is a species-rich(More)
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