Learn More
Minocycline mediates neuroprotection in experimental models of neurodegeneration. It inhibits the activity of caspase-1, caspase-3, inducible form of nitric oxide synthetase (iNOS) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Although minocycline does not directly inhibit these enzymes, the effects may result from interference with upstream mechanisms(More)
We tested the hypothesis that activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) by capsaicin prevents adipogenesis. TRPV1 channels in 3T3-L1-preadipocytes and visceral adipose tissue from mice and humans were detected by immunoblotting and quantitative real-time RT-PCR. The effect of TRPV1 on cytosolic calcium was determined(More)
Creatine mediates remarkable neuroprotection in experimental models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and traumatic brain injury. Because caspase-mediated pathways are shared functional mechanistic components in these diseases, as well as in ischemia, we evaluated the effect of creatine supplementation on an(More)
This study was to characterize the neuroprotective effects of nortriptyline, a tricyclic antidepressant, in mouse models of chronic neurodegeneration [amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Huntington's disease (HD)]. Nortriptyline was originally selected from a library screening of 1040 FDA-approved drugs by using isolated mitochondria. It emerged as a(More)
Release of mitochondrial cytochrome c resulting in downstream activation of cell death pathways has been suggested to play a role in neurologic diseases featuring cell death. However, the specific biologic importance of cytochrome c release has not been demonstrated in Huntington's disease (HD). To evaluate the role of cytochrome c release, we screened a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The identification of a neuroprotective drug for stroke remains elusive. Given that mitochondria play a key role both in maintaining cellular energetic homeostasis and in triggering the activation of cell death pathways, we evaluated the efficacy of newly identified inhibitors of cytochrome c release in hypoxia/ischemia induced cell(More)
Glioblastoma remains one of the deadliest of human cancers, with most patients succumbing to the disease within two years of diagnosis. The available data suggest that simultaneous inactivation of critical nodes within the glioblastoma molecular circuitry will be required for meaningful clinical efficacy. We conducted parallel genome-wide shRNA screens to(More)
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in many biological processes. The latest studies revealed that aggressive breast cancer, especially the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype was frequently associated with apparent EMT, but the mechanisms are still unclear. NEDD9/HEF1/Cas-L is a member of the Cas protein family and(More)
Polycomb group (PcG) proteins have recently been shown related to cancer development. The PcG protein EZH2 is involved in progression of prostate and breast cancers, and has been identified as a molecular marker in breast cancer. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanism by which PcG proteins regulate cancer progression and malignant metastasis is still(More)
Salinity is among the environmental factors that affect plant growth and development and constrain agricultural productivity. Salinity stress triggers increases in cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) via Ca(2+) influx across the plasma membrane. Salinity stress, as well as other stresses, induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS).(More)