Shan-Ho Chou

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Cyclic-di-GMP [bis-(3'-5')-cyclic diguanosine monophosphate] controls a wide range of functions in eubacteria, yet little is known about the underlying regulatory mechanisms. In the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris, expression of a subset of virulence genes is regulated by c-di-GMP and also by the CAP (catabolite activation protein)-like protein XcCLP,(More)
The first gluconolactonase crystal structure from bacteria has been determined to a resolution of 1.61 A using X-ray crystallography. It belongs to the senescence marker protein 30/gluconolaconase superfamily but exhibits substrate specificity mainly toward D-glucono-delta-lactone. It forms a novel disulfide-bonded clamshell dimer comprising two(More)
The mammalian ER protein STING (stimulators of interferon genes) is an important innate immunity protein for linking detection of novel secondary messengers c-di-GMP, c-di-AMP, cGAMP or cytosolic dsDNA to the activation of TANK kinase 1 and its downstream interferon regulator factor 3. Recently quite a few of crystal structures representing different states(More)
Earlier studies by others had indicated that actinomycin D (ACTD) binds well to d(AACCATAG) and the end sequence TAG-3' is essential for its strong binding. In an effort to verify these assertions and to uncover other possible strong ACTD binding sequences as well as to elucidate the nature of their binding, systematic studies have been carried out with(More)
Cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic GMP) is a second messenger whose role in bacterial signalling is poorly understood. A genetic screen in the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris (Xcc) identified that XC_0250, which encodes a protein with a class III nucleotidyl cyclase domain, is required for cyclic GMP synthesis. Purified XC_0250 was active in(More)
Cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is a novel secondary-messenger molecule that is involved in regulating a plethora of important bacterial activities through binding to an unprecedented array of effectors. Proteins with a canonical PilZ domain that bind c-di-GMP play crucial roles in regulating flagellum-based motility. In contrast, noncanonical type II PilZ domains(More)
The purine-rich strand d(GTACGGGACCGA)(n) of the Drosophila centromeric dodeca-satellite sequence is highly conserved and was found to form stable fold-back structures in which the homopurine 5'-GGGA-3' sequence was determined to play a crucial role. Here, we report the stable formation of the d(GGGA)(2) motif in the stem of a DNA hairpin closed by a(More)
We report the culture conditions for successful amino-acid-type selective (AATS) isotope labeling of protein expressed in Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris). Rhodostomin (Rho), a six disulfide-bonded protein expressed in P. pastoris with the correct fold, was used to optimize the culture conditions. The concentrations of [alpha-15N] selective amino acid,(More)
Lysobacter enzymogenes is a gram-negative bacterial biological control agent that produces abundant extracellular enzymes capable of degrading the cell walls of fungal pathogens. In strain OH11, an isolate from China, the global regulator LeClp controls the production of extracellular chitinase by regulating the transcription of the chitinase-encoding gene(More)