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The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of multiple mutations in the rpoB gene as well as predominant nucleotide changes and their correlation with high levels of resistance to rifampin (rifampicin) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates that were randomly collected from the sputa of 46 patients with primary and secondary cases of active(More)
BACKGROUND A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) on patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treated with peginterferon and ribavirin (pegIFN-α/RBV) identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on chromosome 19 (rs12979860) which was strongly associated with a sustained virological response (SVR). The aim of this study was twofold: to study the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to evaluate the specificity, sensitivity, cost, and turn-around time of three methods of gene polymorphism analysis and to study the relationship between IL28B rs12979860 and SVR rate to pegIFN-α/RVB therapy among patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS A total of 100 samples from chronic hepatitis C patients were analyzed(More)
Introduction: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is a Gram negative bacterium and one of the causative agents of acute bacterial meningitis, especially in infants and children less than 5 years old. Lipooligosaccharide (LOS), one of the virulence factors which plays an important role in pathogenesis of Hib, has multiple applications in diagnosis and(More)
BACKGROUND The current strategy for combating tuberculosis (TB) is based on the early detection and treatment of patients to halt transmission. The present study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic potential of three Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens, 45-kDa, A60, and sonicated MTB antigen (SmTB-Ag), as antibody/antigen detection methods for the(More)
The diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis continues to be a challenge due to the low sensitivity of traditional diagnostic methods. Better and more rapid tests are needed for diagnosis of pleural TB. In this study, pleural fluids were tested with rapid test to determine Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB antigen). Affinity chromatography was used to purify(More)
OBJECTIVE Tuberculosis (TB) is a devastating disease that remains a major health threat worldwide. The appearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains resistance to current antibiotics is a growing problem, both in the third world and in developed countries. Completion of genomic sequencing of M. tuberculosis provides a strong foundation for subsequent(More)
OBJECTIVE Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that do not respond to isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most effective first-line anti-TB drugs. Here, we designed and produced antibodies based on biomarkers that exist only in MDR-TB. METHODS Bacilli were cultured for 4weeks at 37°C, and protein(More)
Drug-resistant TB poses a major threat to control of TB worldwide. Despite progress in the detection of Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases, a major diagnostic gap remains: 55 % of reported TB patients estimated to have MDR-TB were not detected in 2013. MDR-TB antigens were conjugated to CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B. Specific polyclonal antibodies against(More)
Interleukin-28B (IL28B) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) constitute important host-related factors influencing the response rate to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) standard antiviral therapy. In the last few years, several new technologies for SNP detection have been developed. However, the sensitivity and specificity of various methods are different and(More)