Shamruz Khan Akerem Khan

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BACKGROUND Papillary fibroelastomas (PFE) are benign neoplasms with little available outcome data. OBJECTIVES This study sought to describe the frequency and clinical course of patients with surgically removed PFE and echocardiographically suspected, but unoperated, PFE. METHODS Mayo Clinic pathology and echocardiography databases (January 1, 1995, to(More)
Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital cardiac entity. The recognition of QAV has clinical significance as it causes aortic valve dysfunction, commonly aortic regurgitation, and is often associated with other congenital cardiac abnormalities. We showed the important role played by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in detecting QAV and review(More)
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