Shamima Sultana

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BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that selected strains of lactobacilli that are administered orally result in a modest reduction of diarrhea duration. However, duration alone is not considered optimal for therapeutic evaluation of any agent in diarrhea. OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of a new probiotic, Lactobacillus paracasei strain ST11 (ST11),(More)
The genomic diversity of 99 T4-like coliphages was investigated by sequencing an equimolar mixture with Illumina technology and screening them against different databases for horizontal gene transfer and undesired genes. A 9-phage cocktail was given to 15 healthy adults from Bangladesh at a dose of 3×10(9) and 3×10(7) plaque-forming units and placebo(More)
Phage therapy has a long tradition in Eastern Europe, where preparations are comprised of complex phage cocktails whose compositions have not been described. We investigated the composition of a phage cocktail from the Russian pharmaceutical company Microgen targeting Escherichia coli/Proteus infections. Electron microscopy identified six phage types, with(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance is rising in important bacterial pathogens. Phage therapy (PT), the use of bacterial viruses infecting the pathogen in a species-specific way, is a potential alternative. METHOD T4-like coliphages or a commercial Russian coliphage product or placebo was orally given over 4 days to Bangladeshi children hospitalized with(More)
Biomethylation is considered as the principal metabolic and detoxification pathway for inorganic arsenic in human. The end products of methylation are less toxic and more readily excreted through urine. Therefore, speciation of metabolites in urine is essential to a better understanding of arsenic metabolism, health effects and detoxification ability of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Rotavirus infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years of age. Current treatment options are limited. We assessed the efficacy of a llama-derived, heavy-chain antibody fragment called anti-rotavirus protein (ARP1), in modifying the severity and duration of diarrhea in male infants with rotavirus(More)
To assess the oxidative injuries caused by arsenic toxicity in rabbits and evaluate the detoxifying effects of exogenous antioxidants, we administered arsenic trioxide (3-5 mg/kg/day) in rabbits through a feeding tube for seven days. These rabbits were then treated with a recipe of vitamins, zinc, selenium (VZS) or a plant polyphenol or a placebo for the(More)
Eighty-nine T4-like phages from our phage collection were tested against four collections of childhood diarrhoea-associated Escherichia coli isolates representing different geographical origins (Mexico versus Bangladesh), serotypes (69 O, 27 H serotypes), pathotypes (ETEC, EPEC, EIEC, EAEC, VTEC, Shigella), epidemiological settings (community and(More)
CONTEXT Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. (Lecythidaceae) has been used in folk medicine in the treatment of arthralgia, chest pain, dysmenorrhea, inflammation, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, and also in psychological disorders. OBJECTIVE To investigate the antinociceptive, antidiarrheal, and neuropharmacological effect of the methanol extract of B. acutangula(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection on gastric acid secretion (GAS) is poorly defined in children. OBJECTIVE To determine whether H. pylori infection is associated with abnormal GAS in children. METHODS We studied 30 H. pylori-infected children (identified by a positive urea breath test) and 30 noninfected children of both(More)