• Publications
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The eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale MMAS: translation and validation of the Malaysian version.
AIMS To translate and examine the psychometric properties of the Malaysian version of the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS) among patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS A standardExpand
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Diabetes knowledge, medication adherence and glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes
Background Most of interventions that have attempted to improve medication adherence in type 2 diabetes have been educational; on the assumption that knowledge regarding diabetes might affectExpand
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Perception and knowledge of patients with type 2 diabetes in Malaysia about their disease and medication: a qualitative study.
BACKGROUND Diabetic patients' experience and knowledge about their medication play an important role in determining the success of long-term adherence in their disease management. OBJECTIVE ThisExpand
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The 14-item Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test: translation and validation study of the Malaysian version
The aims of this study were to translate the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test (MDKT) into the Malaysian language, and to examine the psychometric properties of the Malaysian version. A standardExpand
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Clinical critics in the management of diabetes mellitus
There is a global epidemic of diabetes with its prevalence expected to increase from 5.1% in 2003 to 6.3% in 2025. This increase in diabetes is occurring in all nations, however, developing nationsExpand
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Factors associated with infections in diabetic population
Increase in the prevalence of diabetes worldwide and it becoming an epidemic has resulted in a clinical research shift to the management of diabetes mellitus globally. The study aimed to investigateExpand
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Diabetes knowledge and control of glycaemia among type 2 diabetes patients in Penang, Malaysia
Objectives  To evaluate the general diabetes knowledge among patients with type 2 diabetes and to assess the relationship of knowledge scores with the control of glycaemia by patients. Methods  AExpand
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Prediction and rate of infections in diabetes mellitus patients with diabetes ketoacidosis in Penang, Malaysia
Study aimed to determine the rate and prediction of infection in diabetes mellitus patients ≥18 year, with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Retrospective cohort study design was adopted to achieve theExpand
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