Shambhavi Anil Malik

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BACKGROUND Data on spirometrically defined chronic airflow limitation (CAL) are scarce in developing countries. OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of spirometrically defined CAL in Kashmir, North India. METHODS Using Burden of Obstructive Lung Disease survey methods, we administered questionnaires to randomly selected adults aged ⩾40 years.(More)
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a reactive hyperplasia of connective tissue in response to local irritants, chronic irritation and hormonal changes. It is a tumor-like growth of the oral cavity frequently located in the region surrounding the anterior teeth or skin. It usually arises in response to various stimuli, such as low-grade local irritation, traumatic(More)
Dear Editor, Spigelian hernia can be described as a protrusion of a peritoneal sac, organ, or preperitoneal fat through a congenital or acquired defect in the Spigelian fascia, which is the part transeversus abdominis aponeurosis that lies between the semilunar (Spigelian) line and the lateral edge of the rectus muscle, often above the inferior epigastric(More)
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