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Hypoxia, through the hypoxia-inducible transcription factors HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha (HIFs), induces angiogenesis by up-regulating a common set of angiogenic cytokines. Unlike HIF-1alpha, which regulates a unique set of genes, most genes regulated by HIF-2alpha overlap with those induced by HIF-1alpha. Thus, the unique contribution of HIF-2alpha remains(More)
During adaptation to hypoxic and hyperoxic conditions, the genes involved in glucose metabolism are upregulated. To probe involvement of the transcription factor hypoxia-induced factor-1 (HIF-1) in hexokinase (HK) II expression in human pulmonary cells, A549 cells and small-airway epithelial cells (SAECs) were exposed to stimuli such as hypoxia,(More)
Important autocrine/paracrine functions for the adenine nucleotides have been proposed in several tissues. We addressed the possibility that extracellular ATP would modulate/mediate hypoxia-induced adventitial fibroblast growth. Acute hypoxia (3% O(2), 10-60 min) increased extracellular ATP concentrations in adventitial fibroblasts and in lung microvascular(More)
Simple and effective biocompatible materials that mimic the natural extracellular matrix (ECM) were developed for a variety of uses in regenerative medicine. These synthetic ECMs (sECMs) were designed to recapitulate the minimal composition required to obtain functional ECMs. The sECM components are crosslinkable in situ, and may be seeded with cells prior(More)
The antioxidant enzymatic defense of insects for the regulation of oxygen toxicity was investigated. Insect species examined were lepidopterous larvae of the cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni), southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania), and black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes). These phytophagous species are subject to both endogenous and exogenous sources of(More)
Increased glucose utilization and hexokinase (HK)-II expression are adaptive features of lung cells exposed to hypoxia or hyperoxia. HK-II is the most regulated isoform of HK. Whether its overexpression could be protective against oxidative stress was explored in human lung epithelial-like (A549) cells. HK-II was overexpressed in A549 cells in a(More)
The association constant of Cajanus cajan lectin for methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside was studied by equilibrium dialysis method. An attempt was also made to understand the metal ion requirements and to establish that ionizable groups are responsible for lectin-carbohydrate interaction. The N-terminal sequence up to 27 amino acid residues was found to be more(More)
High oxygen concentrations (hyperoxia), often required in the treatment of preterm infants and critically ill patients, cause lung injury, targeting especially the endothelium. Exposure of primary human lung microvascular endothelial cells (HLMVEC) to hyperoxia caused transient Akt activation after 60 min, as determined by Western blot analysis of(More)
Ozone is known to be a highly toxic gas present in the urban air which exerts its effect on pulmonary tissue through its facile chemical reactions with target molecules in the airway. One of the first barriers encountered by ozone is epithelial lining fluid which contains pulmonary surfactant rich in glycerophosphocholine lipids. The reaction of ozone with(More)
Injectable hydrogel and porous sponge formulations of Carbylan-GSX, a crosslinked synthetic extracellular matrix (ECM), were used to deliver human demineralized bone matrix (DBM) in a rat femoral defect model. A cortical, full-thickness 5-mm defect was created in two femurs of each rat. Six rats were assigned to each of five experimental groups (thus, 12(More)