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This paper presents an algorithm for identifying the noun phrase antecedents of third person pronouns and lexical anaphors (reflexives and reciprocals). The algorithm applies to the syntactic representations generated by McCord's Slot Grammar parser, and relies on salience measures derived from syntactic structure and a simple dynamic model of attentional(More)
We propose a probabilistic type theory in which a situation s is judged to be of a type T with probability p. In addition to basic and functional types it includes , inter alia, record types and a notion of typing based on them. The type system is intensional in that types of situations are not reduced to sets of situations. We specify the fragment of a(More)
1 Generalized quantifiers in natural language semantics of The Handbook of Computational Linguistics and Natural Language Processing (Wiley-Blackwell. The online version of The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence by Avron Barr and Edward A. parsing, test generation, and natural language processing systems. Courses 1, 2 and 3 are the creation of Nitin(More)
In this article we use well-known machine learning methods to tackle a novel task, namely the classification of non-sentential utterances (NSUs) in dialogue. We introduce a fine-grained taxonomy of NSU classes based on corpus work, and then report on the results of several machine learning experiments. First, we present a pilot study focussed on one of the(More)
We present three algorithms for resolving anaphora in Slot Grammar: (1) an algorithm for interpreting elliptical VPs in antecedent-contained deletion structures, subdeletion constructions, and intersentential cases; (2) a syntactic filter on pronominal coreference; and (3) an algorithm for identifying the binder of an anaphor (reflexive pronoun or the(More)
A catalogue record for this title is available from the British Library. The publisher's policy is to use permanent paper from mills that operate a sustainable forestry policy, and which has been manufactured from pulp processed using acid-free and elementary chlorine-free practices. Furthermore, the publisher ensures that the text paper and cover board(More)
In this paper, we explore the possibility that machine learning approaches to natural-language processing (NLP) being developed in engineering-oriented computational linguistics (CL) may be able to provide specific scientific insights into the nature of human language. We argue that, in principle, machine learning (ML) results could inform basic debates(More)