Shalom Ben-Shimol

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BACKGROUND Otitis media (OM) is common in early childhood. Streptococcus pneumoniae caused approximately 30%-60% of episodes before the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) era. The 7-valent PCV (PCV7) was introduced to the Israeli National Immunization Plan in July 2009, and was gradually replaced by the 13-valent PCV (PCV13) starting in November 2010. We(More)
BACKGROUND The 7-valent conjugated vaccine (PCV7) was introduced into the Israeli National Immunization Program (NIP) in July 2009 (2, 4, 12 months schedule; 2 dose catch-up in second year of life). Nationwide active prospective surveillance on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has been conducted in children since 1989. In the current study, IPD(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on short-course treatment of childhood pneumonia in the developed world are lacking. We compared clinical and laboratory outcomes of a 3-day or a 5-day to a 10-day treatment in young children with community-acquired alveolar pneumonia. METHODS A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 2 stages: (1) 3 days(More)
BACKGROUND The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7) was introduced to the Israeli national immunization plan (NIP) in July 2009 (administered at age 2, 4 and 12 months), with a fast reduction of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) caused by PCV7 serotypes. Starting in November 2010, PCV13 gradually replaced PCV7. AIM To report the impact of(More)
BACKGROUND Alveolar community-acquired pneumonia (A-CAP) is mostly considered a bacterial disease, mainly pneumococcal. This study was conducted to document the impact of sequential 7-valent and the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7; PCV13) on emergency room and hospitalization for A-CAP among children <5 years of age. METHODS This is an(More)
AIM To describe the dynamics in the incidence of childhood invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Israel during a 22-year period (1989-2010). METHODS A longitudinal prospective surveillance in all 27 medical centers with pediatric services in Israel. All cases of children <15 years old with positive blood/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture for Neisseria(More)
We assessed the seasonality of viral lower respiratory tract infections (V-LRI), bacteremic pneumonia, nonbacteremic pneumonia and nonpneumonia invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) in the pre-PCV era. Both bacteremic and nonbacteremic pneumonia seasonality peaked in winter, coinciding with V-LRI seasonality, whereas non-pneumonia IPD peaked in autumn before(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the rate of pertussis in infants aged <1 year hospitalized at the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and to characterize the clinical aspects of these patients. MATERIAL/METHODS Infants <12 months hospitalized with LRTI in the PICU were identified retrospectively. Demographic,(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to determine the clinical and epidemiological features of pandemic influenza A/H1N1 in immunocompromised children with solid tumors and hematological malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS A prospective study was conducted during the H1N1 pandemic between August 2009 and February 2010 in a pediatric hematology-oncology unit. Demographic(More)