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BACKGROUND The 7-valent conjugated vaccine (PCV7) was introduced into the Israeli National Immunization Program (NIP) in July 2009 (2, 4, 12 months schedule; 2 dose catch-up in second year of life). Nationwide active prospective surveillance on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) has been conducted in children since 1989. In the current study, IPD(More)
AIM To describe the dynamics in the incidence of childhood invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in Israel during a 22-year period (1989-2010). METHODS A longitudinal prospective surveillance in all 27 medical centers with pediatric services in Israel. All cases of children <15 years old with positive blood/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) culture for Neisseria(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on short-course treatment of childhood pneumonia in the developed world are lacking. We compared clinical and laboratory outcomes of a 3-day or a 5-day to a 10-day treatment in young children with community-acquired alveolar pneumonia. METHODS A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 2 stages: (1) 3 days(More)
BACKGROUND The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugated vaccine (PCV7) was introduced to the Israeli national immunization plan (NIP) in July 2009 (administered at age 2, 4 and 12 months), with a fast reduction of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) caused by PCV7 serotypes. Starting in November 2010, PCV13 gradually replaced PCV7. AIM To report the impact of(More)
BACKGROUND Otitis media (OM) is common in early childhood. Streptococcus pneumoniae caused approximately 30%-60% of episodes before the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) era. The 7-valent PCV (PCV7) was introduced to the Israeli National Immunization Plan in July 2009, and was gradually replaced by the 13-valent PCV (PCV13) starting in November 2010. We(More)
We assessed the seasonality of viral lower respiratory tract infections (V-LRI), bacteremic pneumonia, nonbacteremic pneumonia and nonpneumonia invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) in the pre-PCV era. Both bacteremic and nonbacteremic pneumonia seasonality peaked in winter, coinciding with V-LRI seasonality, whereas non-pneumonia IPD peaked in autumn before(More)
BACKGROUND The conjugated Haemophilus influenzae (Hi) type b vaccine caused a marked decrease in invasive Hi disease rates. Nonencapsulated Hi infection now constitutes most invasive Hi morbidity and mortality. This study examines invasive Hi infection incidence in Israel in the postvaccine era years, 2003-2012, and characterizes the epidemiology, clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCVs) impact on complex otitis media (OM; including recurrent, nonresponsive, and chronic OM with effusion) was greater than that on simple, acute OM in previous studies. Since complex OM is often a polymicrobial disease, we speculated that reduction of complex OM by PCVs would be associated with reduction of(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) and pneumonia are major causes of morbidity, especially in developing countries. While pneumococcal disease rates differences between various populations are well known, data are scarce regarding disparities in PCV impact on pneumococcal disease rates between populations living in the same country. OBJECTIVE(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the rate of pertussis in infants aged <1 year hospitalized at the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and to characterize the clinical aspects of these patients. MATERIAL/METHODS Infants <12 months hospitalized with LRTI in the PICU were identified retrospectively. Demographic,(More)