Shalini Sree Kumar

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In 1998, an outbreak of acute encephalitis with high mortality rates among pig handlers in Malaysia led to the discovery of a novel paramyxovirus named Nipah virus. A multidisciplinary investigation that included epidemiology, microbiology, molecular biology, and pathology was pivotal in the discovery of this new human infection. Clinical and autopsy(More)
An outbreak of infection with the Nipah virus, a novel paramyxovirus, occurred among pig farmers between September 1998 and June 1999 in Malaysia, involving 265 patients with 105 fatalities. This is a follow-up study 24 months after the outbreak. Twelve survivors (7.5%) of acute encephalitis had recurrent neurological disease (relapsed encephalitis). Of(More)
The present series reports an audit on the patterns of presentation, radiation treatment techniques, failure pattern and outcome in the 36 patients treated at a single institution. Patients were accrued between October 1991 and September 1999. They underwent total or subtotal resection along with craniospinal irradiation. The dose to the cranium ranged from(More)
We used 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) to assess in vivo skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in 10 Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy patients/carriers with a mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation at one of three nucleotide positions, 11,778, 14,484, and 3,460. We studied one affected patient for each mutation and two unaffected carriers(More)
Alanine dehydrogenase (AldA) is the principal enzyme with which pea bacteroids synthesize alanine de novo. In free-living culture, AldA activity is induced by carboxylic acids (succinate, malate, and pyruvate), although the best inducer is alanine. Measurement of the intracellular concentration of alanine showed that AldA contributes to net alanine(More)
Deletion of both alanine dehydrogenase genes (aldA) in Mesorhizobium loti resulted in the loss of AldA enzyme activity from cultured bacteria and bacteroids but had no effect on the symbiotic performance of Lotus corniculatus plants. Thus, neither indeterminate pea nodules nor determinate L. corniculatus nodules export alanine as the sole nitrogen secretion(More)
We have characterized a new Escherichia coli operon consisting of two genes, ecpD and htrE. The ecpD gene encodes a 27-kDa protein which is 40% identical at the amino acid level to the pilin chaperone PapD family of proteins. Immediately downstream of the ecpD gene is the htrE gene. The htrE gene encodes a polypeptide of 95 kDa which is processed to a(More)
We combined magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) to study skeletal muscle in seven patients with limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) with a variable deficiency of the alpha-, beta-, and gamma-sarcoglycan but normal dystrophin expression on muscle biopsy. T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo axial leg images(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) includes drugs targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Mutation in codon 12 or 13 in the Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) gene, downstream of the EGFR, evokes constitutive activation of the RAS/RAF/MAPK signaling pathway and correlates with resistance to(More)
BACKGROUND Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae mutants unable to transport branched-chain amino acids via the two main amino acid ABC transport complexes AapJQMP and BraDEFGC produce a nitrogen starvation phenotype when inoculated on pea (Pisum sativum) plants [1], [2]. Bacteroids in indeterminate pea nodules have reduced abundance and a lower chromosome(More)