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Muscarinic receptor-based designer receptors have emerged as powerful novel tools to study G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling and physiology. These new designer GPCRs, which are most frequently referred to as DREADDs (designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drug), are unable to bind acetylcholine, the endogenous muscarinic receptor(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of low-fat (2.5%) dahi containing probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus and Lactobacillus casei on progression of high fructose-induced type 2 diabetes in rats. METHODS Diabetes was induced in male albino Wistar rats by feeding 21% fructose in water. The body weight, food and water intakes, fasting blood glucose,(More)
Cancer is a serious global public health problem. Cancer incidence and mortality have been steadily rising throughout the past century in most places of the world. There are several epidemiological evidences that support a protective role of probiotics against cancer. Lactic acid bacteria and their probioactive cellular substances exert many beneficial(More)
In the industrialized world, functional foods have become a part of an everyday diet and are demonstrated to offer potential health benefits beyond the widely accepted nutritional effects. Currently, the most important and frequently used functional food compounds are probiotics and prebiotics, or they are collectively known as 'synbiotics'. Moreover, with(More)
In this study, the effect of dahi containing probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus NCDC14 and Lactobacillus casei NCDC19 (73 x 10(8) cfu/g) on progression of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes in rats (15 g/day/rat) for 28 days was investigated. Feeding of probiotic dahi significantly suppressed the incremental peaks and area under the curve and delayed(More)
We tested the effect of a fermented papaya preparation (FPP; ORI, Gifu, Japan) on redox balance gene expression in 11 healthy nonsmoker, teetotaller individuals subjected to a detailed dietary and lifestyle questionnaire who refrained from any multivitamin supplement or fortified food. Redox status was assessed by erythrocyte and plasma parameters together(More)
L-asparaginase catalyzes the hydrolysis of L-asparagine into aspartate and ammonia, which is used as an anti-neoplastic agent. Isolation of asparaginase from microorganisms may be cardinal for producing this anticancer agent at industrial level. A total of three hundred fungal isolates were screened for L-asparaginase production. These fungal isolates were(More)
The hepatoprotective potential DTS (1.5 g/kg bw, Denshici-to-Chiusei, Kyotsu Jigyo, Tokyo, Japan) was evaluated against either toxic (1.5 g/kg bw) and sub-toxic (150 mg/kg bw) dosage of paracetamol-induced liver injury in Sprague-Dawley rat. Paracetamol intoxication caused a reduction of serum total protein and increase levels of serum alkaline phosphatase(More)
The last few years have produced a revolution in the development of very sensitive, rapid, automated, molecular detection methods for a variety of various species of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) associated with food and dairy products. Nowadays many such strains of LAB are considered probiotics. The genome-based methods are useful in identifying bacteria as a(More)
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the major causes of deaths in adults in the western world. Elevated levels of certain blood lipids have been reported to be the principal cause of cardiovascular disease and other disabilities in developed countries. Several animal and clinical trials have shown a positive association between cholesterol levels and the(More)