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Activation of transcription factors plays a pivotal role in many signal transduction pathways. Of particular interest is NF-kappaB, which is present in the cytoplasm in an inactive form, where it can be activated in response to many different stress conditions such as infection, inflammation, heat shock etc. It has also been associated with apoptosis and(More)
Candida albicans utilizes arachidonic acid (AA) released during the course of infection (Candidiasis) from phospholipids of infected host cell membranes and synthesizes extracellular prostaglandin(s) which play an important role in hyphae formation and host cell damage. C. albicans biofilms secrete significantly more prostaglandin(s) and evidence suggests(More)
During the last decade, advancement of nanotechnology has revolutionized various fields such as electronics, optics, materials science as well as architecture, and medicine. However, their health and environmental impact is not fully understood. TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles (NPs), which are abundantly used for commercial purposes, pose a great risk to(More)
Although aberrant miRNA signatures are associated with diabetes, yet, the status and role of altered miRNAs in the diabetic skeletal muscle is currently poorly understood. Here, we report that 41 miRNAs are altered in the diabetic gastrocnemius skeletal muscle and of these, miR-135a that is identified as a critical regulator of myogenesis, is significantly(More)
In this study we addressed the role of the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB1/p50 subunit in chronic injury of the liver by determining the inflammatory and fibrotic responses of nfkappab1-null mice in an experimental model that mimics chronic liver disease. Mice received repeated hepatic injuries throughout 12 weeks by intraperitoneal injection of the hepatotoxin(More)
The hepatic lesion produced as a result of oxidative stress is of wide occurrence. In the present study, the effect of tungsten on liver necrosis and fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) has been studied in rats treated with various compounds known to produce oxidative stress. Supplementation of animals with sodium tungstate for 7 weeks before the induction of(More)
Mitochondrial abnormalities have been identified in a large proportion of neurodegenerative diseases. Recently we have reported that intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of okadaic acid (OKA) causes memory impairment in rat. However involvement of mitochondrial function in OKA induced memory impairment and neuronal damage has not been determined.(More)
Boron has well-defined biological effects and may be of therapeutic benefit. In the current paper, the effect of boron in the form of borax was tested in experimental animal model of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). The syndrome was induced in female Wistar rats by three consecutive daily intraperitoneal injections of thioacetamide (400 mg/kg). In the(More)
The most frequently reported symptom of exposure to high altitude is loss of body mass and decreased performance which has been attributed to altered protein metabolism affecting skeletal muscles mass. The present study explores the mechanism of chronic hypobaric hypoxia mediated skeletal muscle wasting by evaluating changes in protein turnover and various(More)
Scorpion and its organs have been used to cure epilepsy, rheumatism, and male impotency since medieval times. Scorpion venom which contains different compounds like enzyme and non-enzyme proteins, ions, free amino acids, and other organic inorganic substances have been reported to posses antiproliferative, cytotoxic, apoptogenic, and immunosuppressive(More)