Learn More
We identified a member of the BTB/Kelch protein family that is mutated in nemaline myopathy type 6 (NEM6), an autosomal-dominant neuromuscular disorder characterized by the presence of nemaline rods and core lesions in the skeletal myofibers. Analysis of affected families allowed narrowing of the candidate region on chromosome 15q22.31, and mutation(More)
N-RAP, a muscle-specific protein concentrated at myotendinous junctions in skeletal muscle and intercalated disks in cardiac muscle, has been implicated in myofibril assembly. To discover more about the role of N-RAP in myofibril assembly, we used the yeast two-hybrid system to screen a mouse skeletal muscle cDNA library for proteins capable of binding(More)
Linkage analysis identifies 10q24-26 as a disease locus for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), a region including the N-RAP gene. N-RAP is a nebulin-like LIM protein that may mediate force transmission and myofibril assembly in cardiomyocytes. We describe the sequence, genomic structure, and expression of human N-RAP, as well as an initial screen to determine(More)
N-RAP is a muscle-specific protein concentrated in myofibril precursors during sarcomere assembly and at intercalated disks in adult heart. We used RNA interference to achieve a targeted decrease in N-RAP transcript and protein levels in primary cultures of embryonic mouse cardiomyocytes. N-RAP transcript levels were decreased by approximately 70% within 2(More)
We investigated the role of nonmuscle myosin heavy chain (NMHC) IIB in cultured embryonic mouse cardiomyocytes by specific knockdown using RNA interference. NMHC IIB protein levels decreased 90% compared with mock-transfected cells by 3 days post transfection. NMHC IIB knockdown resulted in a slow decrease in N-RAP protein levels over 6 days with no change(More)
N-RAP gene expression and N-RAP localization were studied during mouse heart development using semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence. N-RAP mRNA was detected at embryonic day (E) 10.5, significantly increased from E10.5 to E16.5, and remained essentially constant from E16.5 until 21 days after birth. In(More)
N-RAP is a muscle-specific protein with an N-terminal LIM domain (LIM), C-terminal actin-binding super repeats homologous to nebulin (SR) and nebulin-related simple repeats (IB) in between the two. Based on biochemical data, immunofluorescence analysis of cultured embryonic chick cardiomyocytes and the targeting and phenotypic effects of these individual(More)
N-RAP alternative splicing and protein localization were studied in developing skeletal muscle tissue from pre- and postnatal mice and in fusing primary myotubes in culture. Messages encoding N-RAP-s and N-RAP-c, the predominant isoforms of N-RAP detected in adult skeletal muscle and heart, respectively, were present in a 5:1 ratio in skeletal muscle(More)
The muscle-specific protein NRAP is concentrated at cardiac intercalated disks, plays a role in myofibril assembly, and is upregulated early in mouse models of dilated cardiomyopathy. Using a tet-off system, we developed novel transgenic lines exhibiting cardiac-specific NRAP overexpression ~2.5 times greater than normal. At 40-50 weeks, NRAP overexpression(More)
N-RAP is an actin binding LIM protein expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscle tissues (Luo et al., 1997). In adult mice, NRAP is found at the longitudinal ends of striated muscles at sites of mechanical coupling between the myofibrils and the cell membrane (Luo et al., 1997). These regions are the myotendinous junctions in skeletal muscle and the(More)