Shaio Wei Chan

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p53 acts as a tumor suppressor by inducing both growth arrest and apoptosis. p53-induced apoptosis can occur without new RNA synthesis through an unknown mechanism. In human vascular smooth muscle cells, p53 activation transiently increased surface Fas (CD95) expression by transport from the Golgi complex. Golgi disruption blocked both p53-induced surface(More)
Matrix gamma-carboxyglutamic acid protein (MGP) is a mineral-binding extracellular matrix protein synthesized by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and chondrocytes that is thought to be a key regulator of tissue calcification. In this study, we identified four polymorphisms in the promoter region of the human MGP gene. Transfection studies showed that(More)
Compared with vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from normal vessels, VSMCs from human atherosclerotic plaques proliferate more slowly, undergo earlier senescence, and demonstrate higher levels of apoptosis in culture. The tumor suppressor genes p105RB (retinoblastoma, acting through the E2F transcription factor family) and p53 regulate cell(More)
Although stable repression of CD4 and CD8 genes is a central feature of T cell lineage commitment, we lack detailed information about the timing and mechanism of this repression. Stable gene repression has been linked to the position of genes within the nucleus. Therefore, information about the nuclear position of CD4 and CD8 genes during T cell development(More)
Despite Fas expression, many cells resist Fas-induced apoptosis. Although differences in surface Fas expression can explain Fas resistance, multiple proteins below receptor level also inhibit Fas-induced apoptosis. To examine the mechanism of Fas resistance, we studied Fas-induced apoptosis in human medial vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from healthy(More)
The hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) may contain a potential neutralization site and the generation of human single-chain antibody fragments (scFv) to HVR1 may therefore provide a useful tool for the study of HCV. In this report, we have isolated and characterized three anti-HVR1 scFv clones from two patient-derived phage-displayed(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the aetiological agent responsible for most cases of non-A non-B hepatitis. Hepatitis C is a disease of clinical importance because of its high infection rate in blood donors and its persistence as chronic infections which may lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in the long term. The variability of the HCV genome has(More)
Apoptosis is a programmed cell death process in which surplus or damaged cells are eliminated through a highly regulated procedure. The first description of apoptosis relied upon morphological differences among apoptotic, necrotic, and healthy cells (1). Indeed, there are usually a number of features of apoptotic cells, whatever their lineage, that allows(More)
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