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Nuclear export and translation of intron-containing viral mRNAs are required for HIV-1 gene expression and replication. In this report, we provide evidence to show that DDX3 regulates the translation of HIV-1 mRNAs. We found that knockdown of DDX3 expression effectively inhibited HIV-1 production. Translation of HIV-1 early regulatory proteins, Tat and rev,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) activity of andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone extracted from Andrographis paniculata, and to identify the signalling pathway involved in its antiviral action. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Using HCV replicon and HCVcc infectious systems, we identified anti-HCV activity of(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating hepatitis C virus (HCV) virions are associated with triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, including very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), designated as lipo-viro-particles (LVPs). Previous studies showed that lipoprotein lipase (LPL), a key enzyme for hydrolysing the triglyceride in VLDL to finally become(More)
BACKGROUND Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has emerged as a neuroinvasive virus responsible for several large outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific region while virulence determinant remains unexplored. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this report, we investigated increased virulence of unadapted EV71 clinical isolate 237 as compared with isolate 4643 in mice. A fragment 12(More)
Innate immune response is important for viral clearance during influenza virus infection. Galectin-1, which belongs to S-type lectins, contains a conserved carbohydrate recognition domain that recognizes galactose-containing oligosaccharides. Since the envelope proteins of influenza virus are highly glycosylated, we studied the role of galectin-1 in(More)
This study reports on a microfluidic system equipped with a sample pretreatment device and a nucleic acid amplification device for the rapid diagnosis of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1). The system analyzed proviral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from an HIV-infected Jurkat T cell line. In order to ensure accurate diagnosis among other prevalent(More)
The hepatitis C virus core protein (HCVc) forms the viral nucleocapsid and is involved in viral persistence and pathogenesis, possibly by interacting with host factors to modulate viral replication and cellular functions. Here, we identified 36 cellular protein candidates by one-dimensional SDS-PAGE and LC-MS/MS-based proteomics after affinity purification(More)
Cell confluence induces the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (Stat3) in various cancer and epithelial cells, yet the biological implications and the associated regulatory mechanisms remain unclear. Because confluent polarized epithelia demonstrate dome formation and sodium influx that mimic the onset of differentiation, we(More)
Five serial cross-sectional surveys were done at eight gay bathhouses in Taiwan to investigate the trends of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and estimated HIV incidence between 2004 and 2008. Bathhouse attendees completed a questionnaire and tests for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C virus, and amoebiasis. Twenty-nine (38.6%) were identified as(More)
Molecular covariation of highly polymorphic viruses is thought to have crucial effects on viral replication and fitness. This study employs association rule data mining of hepatitis C virus (HCV) sequences to search for specific evolutionary covariation and then tests functional relevance on HCV replication. Data mining is performed between nucleotides in(More)