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Characterization of human monoclonal antibodies is providing considerable insight into mechanisms of broad HIV-1 neutralization. Here we report an HIV-1 gp41 membrane-proximal external region (MPER)-specific antibody, named 10E8, which neutralizes ∼98% of tested viruses. An analysis of sera from 78 healthy HIV-1-infected donors demonstrated that 27%(More)
Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder after Alzheimer's disease affecting approximately1% of the population older than 50 years. There is a worldwide increase in disease prevalence due to the increasing age of human populations. A definitive neuropathological diagnosis of Parkinson's disease requires loss of dopaminergic(More)
In Alzheimer's disease, hyperphosphorylated tau is an integral part of the neurofibrillary tangles that form within neuronal cell bodies and fails to promote microtubule assembly. Dysregulation of the brain-specific tau protein kinase II is reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (Patrick, G. N., Zukerberg, L., Nikolic,(More)
Human glioblastoma multiforme cell lines, brain tumor biopsy tissue, and normal human fetal brain synthesize interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-6 receptor (IL-6R). Neither of these is expressed in human neurons or neuroblastoma cell lines in culture. Astrocytes from fetal brain grown in culture retain the ability to synthesize IL-6 but do not express IL-6R as(More)
Selegiline, a selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B), was one of the first adjunct therapies in clinical neurology. A retrospective analysis of data from patients with Parkinson's disease found a significant increase in survival in those treated with selegiline plus L-dopa compared with L-dopa alone. The mechanism of action of selegiline is(More)
One of the defining characteristics of neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease, is an abnormal accumulation of iron in the affected brain areas. By using SK-N-SH, a dopaminergic cell line, we have found that iron (100-250 microM FeSO(4)) decreased cell viability, increased lipid peroxidation, and the said effects were blocked by(More)
Hyperphosphorylated tau is an integral part of the neurofibrillary tangles that form within neuronal cell bodies, and tau protein kinase II is reported to play a role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Recently, we reported that tau protein kinase II (cdk5/p20)-phosphorylated human tau inhibits microtubule assembly, and tau protein kinase II(More)
OBJECTIVE In vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed for 24 patients with pyogenic brain abscesses, to examine the consistency of the spectral patterns and to observe the changes in metabolites with treatment. METHODS Localized proton spectra were obtained from 4- to 8-ml volumes in the abscesses, using stimulated echo acquisition mode(More)
Between 1972 and 1984, we treated 66 patients with foreign bodies (FBs) in the tracheobronhial tree. Twenty-six patients (39.4 percent) were between one and two years old; 52 (78.8 percent) were under age ten. Forty-four FBs (67 percent) were fruit and vegetable seeds and nuts. Soft organic material (meat, cucumber peels) was found in four patients, chicken(More)
We have used control-homozygous weaver mutant, and -heterozygous weaver mutant mice in order to explore the basic molecular mechanism of neurodegeneration and the neuroprotective potential of coenzyme Q(10). Homozygous weaver mutant mice exhibited progressive neurodegeneration in the hippocampus, striatum, and cerebellum, and a reduction in the striatal(More)