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Brain tumors in infants (under the age of 1 yr) are mercifully rare. Nonetheless, neonatal tumours present a treatment challenge to those involved. Surgery can be technically challenging, if possible at all, and the sensitivity of the developing nervous system to the side-effects of radio- and chemotherapy has limited their utility as adjunctive treatments.(More)
Intradiploic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collections are rare findings. The authors describe two pediatric patients with iatrogenically induced occipital CSF collections after decompressive surgery for Chiari I malformation. The first patient presents a large occipital intradiploic pseudomeningocele and the second patient an intradiploic pseudomeningocele(More)
Correction of scaphocephaly is one of the principle goals of surgery in sagittal craniosynostosis. Reported relapse in head shape after surgery and continued head growth into late adolescence underscores the need for long-term outcomes to be considered when comparing between different surgical approaches in this condition; yet there are relatively few(More)
OBJECT The presence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in untreated nonsyndromic, isolated sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) is an important functional indication for surgery. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of all 284 patients presenting with SC to the Oxford Craniofacial Unit between 1995 and 2010. RESULTS Intraparenchymal ICP monitoring(More)
BACKGROUND Posterior advancement of the occiput is an established surgical option for the treatment of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) secondary to craniocerebral disproportion in syndromic craniosynostoses. Distraction osteogenesis has gained popularity in a variety of craniofacial procedures to achieve greater advancement in the anterior craniofacial(More)
INTRODUCTION Posterior distraction (PD) is rapidly emerging as an important technique to increase the intracranial volume and correct calvarial morphology in patients with severe brachycephaly or turribrachycephaly. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of all 31 patients who underwent PD at the Oxford Craniofacial Unit between 2007 and 2012. (More)
A 1-year-old girl with craniopharyngioma required external drainage of 40-50 mL/h of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after biopsy and cyst fenestration. She developed CSF ascites following insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and a distended painful gallbladder following ventriculogallbladder shunt insertion. Revision to a ventriculoatrial shunt was(More)
Chiari Malformation type I nowadays represents one of the most debated and treated entities of neurosurgery. Several different symptoms of cerebellar, brainstem and spinal cord pathology have been described and attributed to this malformation. In this paper, we reported a very uncommon association of Chiari I malformation with isolated hemihypertrophy in(More)
Calvarial remodelling for sagittal synostosis is extensive surgery and is associated with potential risks; the most significant of these is blood loss. We studied 16 patients undergoing calvarial remodelling by the same surgical team over a 12-month period to determine whether scalp closure with fibrin glue (Tisseel™) could decrease post-operative bleeding(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of sagittal and metopic synostosis is rare, resulting in a scaphocephalic shape, but with an absence of frontal bossing and therefore varying degrees of trigonocephaly and occipital prominence. Treatment is primarily surgical, with a combination of procedures to address both the scaphocephaly and trigonocephaly required involving(More)