OBJECT The presence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in untreated nonsyndromic, isolated sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) is an important functional indication for surgery. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of all 284 patients presenting with SC to the Oxford Craniofacial Unit between 1995 and 2010. RESULTS Intraparenchymal ICP monitoring… (More)
A 1-year-old girl with craniopharyngioma required external drainage of 40-50 mL/h of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after biopsy and cyst fenestration. She developed CSF ascites following insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and a distended painful gallbladder following ventriculogallbladder shunt insertion. Revision to a ventriculoatrial shunt was… (More)
OBJECT Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is recognized to occur in patients with nonsyndromic isolated sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) prior to surgery. However, the incidence of raised ICP following primary surgery is rarely reported and there appears to be a widely held assumption that corrective surgery for SC prevents the later development of… (More)
We present an unusual case of a 13-year-old child who following minor head injury presented with what appeared to be a thin chronic subdural hematoma on plain computed tomography imaging. The child was found to have an underlying arachnoid cyst. Intra- and extra-cystic bleeding had occurred simultaneously causing an isodense cyst with an accompanying… (More)
A paediatric case of foramen magnum decompression for Chiari Type I malformation complicated by recurrent subdural hygromas (SH) and raised intracranial pressure without ventriculomegaly is described. SH pathogenesis is discussed, with consideration given to arachnoid fenestration. We summarise possibilities for treatment and avoidance of this unusual… (More)
We report a novel case of congenitally split mesencephalon, in a 3-year old with hydrocephalus. We speculate that the ontogenetic mechanism is shared with split cord malformations (SCM). Our case adds to the two other cases of basicranial SCM which involved more caudal brainstem.
Antibiotics have revolutionized survival from central nervous system (CNS) infections. Sixty years after the death of Sir Hugh Cairns, we present archive material of historical interest from the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford from the time of his first trials of penicillin for CNS infection. We discuss Cairns' important wartime and subsequent contributions… (More)