Shailendra A. Magdum

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OBJECT The presence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in untreated nonsyndromic, isolated sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) is an important functional indication for surgery. METHODS A retrospective review was performed of all 284 patients presenting with SC to the Oxford Craniofacial Unit between 1995 and 2010. RESULTS Intraparenchymal ICP monitoring(More)
A 1-year-old girl with craniopharyngioma required external drainage of 40-50 mL/h of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after biopsy and cyst fenestration. She developed CSF ascites following insertion of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and a distended painful gallbladder following ventriculogallbladder shunt insertion. Revision to a ventriculoatrial shunt was(More)
A paediatric case of foramen magnum decompression for Chiari Type I malformation complicated by recurrent subdural hygromas (SH) and raised intracranial pressure without ventriculomegaly is described. SH pathogenesis is discussed, with consideration given to arachnoid fenestration. We summarise possibilities for treatment and avoidance of this unusual(More)
OBJECTIVES Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a common operative treatment of compressive pathology of the cervical spinal cord, when caused by one or more degenerated intervertebral discs or related osteophytes. In addition to intra-operative radiographs to confirm spinal level before discectomy and implant position after insertion,(More)
OBJECT Raised intracranial pressure (ICP) is recognized to occur in patients with nonsyndromic isolated sagittal craniosynostosis (SC) prior to surgery. However, the incidence of raised ICP following primary surgery is rarely reported and there appears to be a widely held assumption that corrective surgery for SC prevents the later development of(More)
Antibiotics have revolutionized survival from central nervous system (CNS) infections. Sixty years after the death of Sir Hugh Cairns, we present archive material of historical interest from the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford from the time of his first trials of penicillin for CNS infection. We discuss Cairns' important wartime and subsequent contributions(More)
BACKGROUND Amniotic band syndrome consists of a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations attributed to entanglement and disruption of different developing parts of the embryo. Multiple asymmetric encephalocele and anencephaly have previously been reported with amniotic band syndrome. Tethering of the spinal cord secondary to amniotic band constriction is(More)
In this paper a review of various models of fuzzy computations has been presented. Authors have analyzed more than 40 articles published during 1967 to 2012. The importance of fuzzy computations and the ever growing Industrial applications that implement some of the fuzzy computation models have also been stated. The paper aims to encourage additional(More)
Intradiploic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collections are rare findings. The authors describe two pediatric patients with iatrogenically induced occipital CSF collections after decompressive surgery for Chiari I malformation. The first patient presents a large occipital intradiploic pseudomeningocele and the second patient an intradiploic pseudomeningocele(More)
We present an unusual case of a 13-year-old child who following minor head injury presented with what appeared to be a thin chronic subdural hematoma on plain computed tomography imaging. The child was found to have an underlying arachnoid cyst. Intra- and extra-cystic bleeding had occurred simultaneously causing an isodense cyst with an accompanying(More)