Shailender K. Singh

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In brain tissues from multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, clusters of activated HLA-DR-expressing microglia, also referred to as preactive lesions, are located throughout the normal-appearing white matter. The aim of this study was to gain more insight into the frequency, distribution and cellular architecture of preactive lesions using a large cohort of(More)
Microglial nodules in the normal-appearing white matter have been suggested as the earliest stage(s) of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion formation. Such nodules are characterized by an absence of leukocyte infiltration, astrogliosis or demyelination, and may develop into active demyelinating MS lesions. Although the etiology of MS is still not known,(More)
INTRODUCTION There has been compelling evidence for the role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We analyzed the association of C242T and Val762Ala polymorphisms of NADPH oxidase p22phox and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) genes respectively with coronary artery disease (CAD)(More)
INTRODUCTION The polymorphic variants of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene have been implicated in endothelial dysfunction and are highly relevant to macroangiopathies. We investigated the relationship between eNOS gene T-786C, G894T, intron 4a/b polymorphisms and coronary artery disease (CAD) in South Indian type 2 diabetic (T2DM) individuals.(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular invasion (VI) in a patient with pancreatic or periampullary cancers precludes surgery and indicates a poor prognosis. Published data on the accuracy of EUS in diagnosing VI is varied. OBJECTIVE The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the accuracy of EUS in diagnosing VI in patients with pancreatic and periampullary cancers. (More)
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is lethal malignancy with very high mortality rate. Absence of sensitive and specific marker(s) is one of the major factors for poor prognosis of PC patients. In pilot studies using small set of patients, secreted acute phase proteins neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) and TGF-β family member macrophage inhibitory(More)
Alcohol abuse is commonly associated with the development of both acute and chronic pancreatitis. Despite this close association, the fact that only a small percentage of human beings who abuse alcohol develop pancreatitis indicates that alcohol abuse alone is not sufficient to initiate clinical pancreatitis. This contention is further supported by the fact(More)
OBJECTIVES Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a lethal malignancy that lacks specific diagnostic markers. The present study explores the diagnostic potential of the most differentially overexpressed secretory mucin MUC5AC alone and in combination with CA19-9 using multi-center training and validation sets. METHODS The expression of MUC5AC in benign pancreatic(More)
Tumor lysis syndrome is a constellation of metabolic complications that occurs in the setting of treatment of hematologic malignancies. On occasion, it has been reported to occur after therapy for solid tumors associated with large tumor burdens and aggressive therapy. We herein report the rare occurrence of acute tumor lysis syndrome in a woman with(More)
The etiology of inflammation of the gastric cardia (carditis) is controversial, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and H. pylori infection have been proposed as etiological factors. This study aimed to investigate the effect of acid suppression on histological changes in the gastric cardia. Gastric cardia biopsies of reflux patients were evaluated(More)