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The transcriptional mechanisms that drive colony-forming unit granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) myeloid progenitors to differentiate into cells of either the granulocytic or monocytic lineage are not fully understood. We have shown that the c-Maf and c-Myb transcription factors physically interact in myeloid cells to form inhibitory complexes that hinder(More)
Eradicating cancer stem-like cells (CSC) may be essential to fully eradicate cancer. Metabolic changes in CSC could hold a key to their targeting. Here, we report that the dietary micronutrient selenium can trigger apoptosis of CSC derived from chronic or acute myelogenous leukemias when administered at supraphysiologic but nontoxic doses. In leukemia CSC,(More)
OBJECTIVE In mice, homeostatic erythropoiesis occurs primarily in the bone marrow. However, in response to acute anemia, bone morphogenetic proteins 4 (BMP-4)-dependent stress erythropoiesis occurs in the adult spleen. BMP-4 can also regulate stress erythropoiesis in the fetal liver. In humans, erythropoiesis occurs in the bone marrow. However, in certain(More)
The production of mature cells necessitates that lineage-committed progenitor cells be constantly generated from multipotential progenitors. In addition, the ability to respond rapidly to physiologic stresses requires that the signals that regulate the maintenance of progenitor populations be coordinated with the signals that promote differentiation of(More)
The plasticity of macrophages is evident from their dual role in inflammation and resolution of inflammation that are accompanied by changes in the transcriptome and metabolome. Along these lines, we have previously demonstrated that the micronutrient selenium increases macrophage production of arachidonic acid (AA)-derived anti-inflammatory(More)
Targeting cancer stem cells is of paramount importance in successfully preventing cancer relapse. Recently, in silico screening of public gene-expression datasets identified cyclooxygenase-derived cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) as likely agents to target malignant stem cells. We show here that Δ(12)-PGJ(3), a novel and naturally produced CyPG from(More)
Autophagy promotes tumor growth by generating nutrients from the degradation of intracellular structures. Here we establish, using shRNAs, a dominant-negative mutant, and a pharmacologic inhibitor, mefenamic acid (MFA), that the Transient Receptor Potential Melastatin 3 (TRPM3) channel promotes the growth of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and(More)
More than 50 years of genetic analysis has identified a number of host genes that are required for the expansion of infected cells during the progression of Friend-virus-induced erythroleukemia. In this report, we show that Friend virus induces the bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4)-dependent stress erythropoiesis pathway in the spleen, which rapidly(More)
Signals provided by the erythropoieitin receptor (EpoR) are required for erythroid development beyond the erythroid colony-forming unit (CFU-e) stage and are propagated via the EpoR-tethered Janus kinase, JAK2. JAK2 functions, in part, to phosphorylate 8 conserved EpoR phosphotyrosine (PY) sites for the binding of a diverse set of signaling factors.(More)