Shai Yarkoni

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Regulatory T cells (Treg) play a pivotal role in tolerance to self-antigens and tissue grafts, and suppression of autoimmune reactions. These cells modulate the intensity and quality of immune reactions through attenuation of the cytolytic activities of reactive immune cells. Treg cells operate primarily at the site of inflammation where they modulate the(More)
Radiation-induced fibrosis is an untoward effect of high dose therapeutic and inadvertent exposure to ionizing radiation. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been proposed to be critical in tissue repair mechanisms resulting from radiation injury. Previously, we showed that interruption of TGF-beta signaling by deletion of Smad3 results in(More)
Interruption of IL-2 signalling is an attractive therapeutic target in autoimmune disorders. In this study we evaluated the effect of a fusion protein composed of IL-2 and caspase-3 (IL2–cas) on NOD mice, as compared with disease induction by cyclophosphamide. IL2–cas was assessed in NOD mice at various ages and in conjunction with cyclophosphamide(More)
Activation-induced cell death is a general mechanism of immune homeostasis through negative regulation of clonal expansion of activated immune cells. This mechanism is involved in the maintenance of self- and transplant tolerance through polarization of the immune responses. The Fas/Fas-ligand interaction is a major common executioner of apoptosis in(More)
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) and systemic sclerosis (scleroderma [SSc]) share clinical characteristics, including skin and internal organ fibrosis. Fibrosis, regardless of the cause, is characterized by extracellular matrix deposition, of which collagen type I is the major constituent. The progressive accumulation of connective tissue results(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating reports indicate that statins widely prescribed for hypercholesteromia have antineoplastic activity. We hypothesized that because statins inhibit farnesylation of Ras that is often mutated in multiple myeloma (MM), as well as the production of interleukin (IL)-6, a key cytokine in MM, they may have antiproliferative and/or(More)
PURPOSE Halofuginone (tempostatin) is a synthetic derivative of a quinazolinone alkaloid showing anti-angiogenic, anti-metastatic and anti-proliferative effects in preclinical studies. The objectives of this phase I study were to assess the dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and to study the pharmacokinetics (PKs)(More)
A case is described of antenatal detection of a placental mass by ultrasound in a patient with hydramnios due to chorioangioma and who had a sinusoidal-like pattern and positive oxytocin challenge test (OCT). The importance of frequent fetal heart rate monitoring in cases of suspected chorioangioma is emphasized.
A large body of evidence on the activity of regulatory T (Treg) cells was gathered during the last decade, and a similar number of reviews and opinion papers attempted to integrate the experimental findings. The abundant literature clearly delineates an exciting area of research but also underlines some major controversies. A linear cause-result(More)
BACKGROUND Cisplatin (CDDP) dose-limited by its side-effects is, in some instances, synergistically amplified when combined with tamoxifen (TAM). TAM has been shown to modulate apoptotic pathways of normal endometrial cells, whereas CDDP induces apoptosis in malignant endometrial cells. Their combined effect on normal or malignant endometrium is as yet(More)