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Global effects of land use on local terrestrial biodiversity
TLDR
A terrestrial assemblage database of unprecedented geographic and taxonomic coverage is analysed to quantify local biodiversity responses to land use and related changes and shows that in the worst-affected habitats, pressures reduce within-sample species richness by an average of 76.5%, total abundance by 39.5% and rarefaction-based richness by 40.3%.
On the validity of Bergmann's rule
TLDR
The occurrence of Bergmann's rule in birds and mammals is reviewed, using only studies where statistical significance of the results was tested, to test whether sedentary birds conform to the rule more than migratory birds.
The island rule: made to be broken?
TLDR
There is no evidence for the existence of the island rule when phylogenetic comparative methods are applied to a large, high-quality dataset, and size evolution on islands is likely to be governed by the biotic and abiotic characteristics of different islands, the biology of the species in question and contingency.
Global biogeography and ecology of body size in birds.
TLDR
The first assemblage-level global examination of 'Bergmann's rule' within an entire animal class suggests that global patterns of body size in avian assemblages are driven by interactions between the physiological demands of the environment, resource availability, species richness and taxonomic turnover among lineages.
Island Species Richness Increases with Habitat Diversity
TLDR
It is shown that species richness on islands usually increases with habitat diversity and that it never decreases, and critically examine the assumptions of the theoretical model and modify them to incorporate a less restrictive definition of niche width.
Species co-existence and character divergence across carnivores.
TLDR
This study uses newly available data on global distributions, morphology and phylogeny, and is the first to demonstrate a close relationship between morphological disparity and co-occurrence at a regional scale encompassing multiple communities.
Carnivores, biases and Bergmann's rule
TLDR
Analysis of patterns of correlation between skull length and geographical latitude in 44 species of carnivores indicates that the occurrence of Bergmann's rule in the Carnivora is less frequent than earlier published data suggest.
Hot, dry and different: Australian lizard richness is unlike that of mammals, amphibians and birds
TLDR
Aims to map the species richness of Australian lizards and describe patterns of range size and species turnover that underlie them and to search for commonalities in the drivers of species richness in Australian vertebrates.
The global distribution of tetrapods reveals a need for targeted reptile conservation
TLDR
It is shown that additional conservation actions are needed to effectively protect reptiles, particularly lizards and turtles, and that adding reptile knowledge to a global complementarity conservation priority scheme identifies many locations that consequently become important.
Evolution and ecology of lizard body sizes
TLDR
Small size seems to promote fast diversification of disparate body plans, and the absence of mammalian predators allows insular lizards to attain larger body sizes by means of release from predation and allows them to evolve into the top predator niche.
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