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Integrated Services in the Internet Architecture: an Overview Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract This memo discusses a proposed extension to the Internet architecture and protocols to provide integrated(More)
Internet Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months. Internet Drafts may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is not appropriate to use Internet Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as a "working draft" or "work in progress". To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check(More)
Given the need to provide users with reasonable feedback about the "costs" their network usage incurs, and the increasingly commercial nature of the Internet, we believe that the allocation of cost among users will play an important role in future networks. This paper discusses cost allocation in the context of multicast flows. The question we discuss is(More)
As the Internet makes the transition from research testbed to commercial enterprise, the topic of pricing in computer networks has suddenly attracted great attention. Much of the discussion in the network design community and the popular press centers on the usage-based <i>vs.</i> flat pricing debate. The more academic literature has largely focused on(More)
One of the key issues in deployment of QoS is determining the set of applications or users, which are allowed to have a preferential access to network resources. The administrative criteria for regulating access to resources constitute the QoS policies. A policy could determine which of the reservation requests in the network be honored during the(More)
Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is(More)
RSVP, a setup protocol that creates flow-specific reservation state in rout-ers and hosts, is a component of the QoS extensions to the Internet architecture known as integrated services. RSVP was designed to provide robust, efficient, flexible, and exten-sible reservation service for multicast and unicast data flows. This report summarizes the key RSVP(More)
We recently found variants in cancer stem cell genes (CD44, ALCAM and LGR5) significantly associated with increased time to recurrence (TTR) in patients with stage III and high-risk stage II colon cancer treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy. In this study, we validated these genetic biomarkers in a large and independent patient cohort(More)