Shahryar Rafi-Tari

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This paper reports the results of an across lab metanalysis of effective connectivity in major depression (MDD). Using FDG PET data and Structural Equation Modeling, a formal depression model was created to explicitly test current theories of limbic-cortical dysfunction in MDD and to characterize at the path level potential sources of baseline variability(More)
BACKGROUND As patients with mood disorders manifest heterogeneity in phenomenology, pathophysiology, etiology, and treatment response, a biological classification of mental disease is urgently needed to advance research. Patient and methodological variability complicates the comparison of neuroimaging study results and limits heuristic model development and(More)
OBJECTIVE In the cortex of animals, serotonin (5-HT) levels increase after several weeks of treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Studies using an intrasubject design to examine the effects of SSRI treatment on 5-HT(2A) receptors in the cortex of drug-free depressed patients are needed. In theory, agonist stimulation of 5-HT(2A)(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is frequently associated with changes in appetite. This study investigated the relationship between regional cerebral perfusion and appetite loss in AD. METHODS 64 patients with possible or probable AD were characterized as being with (n=22) or without (n=44) appetite loss based on the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI)(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive symptoms of varying severity are prevalent in up to 63% of Alzheimer disease (AD) patients and often result in greater cognitive decline and increased caregiver burden. The current study aimed to determine the neural correlates of depressive symptoms in a sample of AD patients. METHODS Using the Cornell Scale for Depression in(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective was to evaluate sexual function (SF) separately in men and women with major depressive disorder (MDD) before and during treatment with bupropion sustained release (SR) or paroxetine. The secondary objectives involved a comparative evaluation of the Sex Effects Scale (Sex FX) and the Investigator-Rated Sexual Desire and(More)
We sought to examine the effects of age, depression chronicity, and treatment responsiveness on glucose metabolism in a large well-characterized sample of depressed men and a psychiatrically unaffected control group. The subjects were unmedicated, symptomatic, right-handed males (n=66) who met DSM-IV criteria for a major depressive episode in the context of(More)
In humans and various animal species, 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) is in part eliminated by the kidneys, where it undergoes significant tubular secretion. The goal of this project was to develop, in a continuous renal epithelial cell line (LLCPK1), a model of AZT transport in which mechanisms of drug interactions could be investigated. Transport(More)
Dizocilpine [(+)MK-801] and ketamine, in doses that disrupt learning and memory, also prevent the development of tolerance to the motor impairing effects of ethanol (EtOH). However, dizocilpine itself affects motor behavior. In order to separate the possible influence of these two effects on the development of tolerance to EtOH, food-reinforced performance(More)
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