Shahrul Izham Ibrahim

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HYPOTHESIS For patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and patients with 2 localization studies showing the same single location of parathyroid disease, use of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) measurement does not significantly increase the success of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Experience(More)
HYPOTHESIS The parathyroid hormone (PTH) content of tissue aspirates is an accurate indicator of parathyroid tissue and can replace frozen section during parathyroid surgery. DESIGN AND SETTINGS Prospective data collection in a tertiary care hospital with a single surgeon. PATIENTS One hundred sixty-seven consecutive patients completing limited(More)
INTRODUCTION The injury caused by reperfusion of ischemic skeletal muscle is mediated by the membrane attack complex of complement (C) . This C activation results from local classical pathway activation after deposition of IgM in injured muscle, an event analogous to C deposition in the mucosa of the gut during reperfusion . Our past analysis has indicated(More)
Burns, especially those involving large surface areas, represent a complex wound healing problem. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is released by activated platelets to recruit inflammatory cells toward the wound bed. It has effects on promoting angiogenesis and granulation tissue formation. However, the effectiveness of topical PDGF on wound closure(More)
Complement is an important mediator of the injuries observed after skeletal muscle ischemia and subsequent reperfusion. Although the classical pathway had been assumed to be the major pathway of activation leading to injury, the mannose-binding lectin (MBL) pathway might also play a contributing role. In this study, we found that MBL-deficient mice had(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle reperfusion injury is mediated by IgM natural antibodies and by complement activation, as shown by the attenuation of reperfusion injury seen in mice with no natural IgM [] and in mice deficient in complement C3 and C4 []. We postulate that tissue, when ischemic, expresses neoantigens to which preformed natural IgM antibodies(More)
BACKGROUND The injury sustained by reperfused skeletal muscle is inflammatory and is initiated by binding of pre-formed IgM to involved tissue, followed by local complement activation and further inflammation. A clone of natural IgM has been described that initiates this injury, suggesting that specific antigens are exposed on ischemic tissues that act as(More)
BACKGROUND Donated platelets for clinical use currently have a shelf life of 5 days as the result of possible bacterial contamination and loss of hemostatic function. Platelet releasates contain multiple growth factors that have been shown to accelerate wound healing. We sought to demonstrate that although expired platelets can no longer sustain hemostasis,(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of the present study was to review the distribution and incidence of branchial anomalies in an Asian paediatric population and highlight the challenges involved in the diagnosis of branchial anomalies. METHODS This was a retrospective chart review of all paediatric patients who underwent surgery for branchial anomalies in a(More)
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