Shahin najar peerayeh

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INTRODUCTION Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is one of the primary opportunistic pathogens responsible for nosocomial infections. Aminoglycosides are an import ant component of antipseudomonal chemotherapy. The inactivation of drugs by modifying enzymes is the most common mechanism of aminoglycoside resistance. OBJECTIVES The inactivation of(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic resistance is widespread among diarrheagenic Escherichia coli in developing countries, where the overuse of antibiotics is common. Information regarding β-lactamases, especially Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBLs) in diarrheagenic pathogens should be considered in clinical management when an optimal treatment is needed. OBJECTIVES(More)
BACKGROUND The Acinetobacter species, particularly A. baumannii, has emerged as one of the main causes of nosocomial infections in recent years. The high prevalence of drug resistance in A. baumannii limits the therapeutic options for treating infections caused by these bacteria. The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro activity of(More)
Bordetella pertussis is a gram negative bacterium that causes respiratory tract infection in human (whooping cough). Pertussis toxin (PT) is the main component of current acellular pertussis vaccine and the S1 (subunit1) is the main immunogenic part of it. Thus, S1 has been the target of many studies as a potent candidate of acellular vaccine against(More)
BACKGROUND Staphylococcus epidermidis, a member of the human flora, is recognized as an opportunistic pathogen and cause of nosocomial infections. Staphylococcus epidermidis surface components are able to establish bacteria on the host surface, and cause infection. OBJECTIVES The frequency of icaA, IS256, aap, fbe and bhp in clinical isolates of S.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the biofilm formation and the prevalence of biofilm-associated genes between the isolates of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) Staphylococcus aureus. METHODS In total, 209 S. aureus isolates were collected. The antibiotic susceptibility test was conducted using nine antibiotics(More)
BACKGROUND Based on biochemical properties, Enterobacter cloacae represents a large complex of at least 13 variant species, subspecies, and genotypes that progressively identified as the most species causing hospital-acquired infections. The aim of this study was to determine the relevance between phylogenetically related strains within the E. cloacae(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Salmonella is an important food-borne pathogen in humans. Strains of Salmonella spp. that producing extended-spectrum β-Lactamases have become a concern in medicine regarding both antimicrobial treatment and infection control program. The objective of this study was to describe the antibiotic susceptibility, ESBL production and(More)
BACKGROUND Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. Hospital outbreaks of extensively drug resistant (XDR) A. baumannii are a great concern. OBJECTIVES Aims of this study were to characterize the resistance determinants and genetic relatedness of (XDR) A. baumannii isolates in hospitals in Tehran, Iran. MATERIALS AND(More)