Shahid Perwaiz

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Bile formation and its canalicular secretion are essential functions of the mammalian liver. The sister-of-p-glycoprotein (spgp) gene was shown to encode the canalicular bile salt export protein, and mutations in spgp gene were identified as the cause of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 2. However, target inactivation of spgp gene in mice(More)
Manganese (Mn) and bilirubin (BR) induce intrahepatic cholestasis when injected sequentially. It was suggested that accumulation of newly synthesized cholesterol in the canalicular membrane is an initial step in the development of cholestasis. To clarify the involvement of cholesterol in the pathogenesis of Mn-BR-induced cholestasis, we examined biliary(More)
UNLABELLED The inhibition of canalicular glycoprotein transporters has been suggested as the cause of familial intrahepatic cholestasis. Mutations in multidrug resistance 3-glycoprotein (MDR3) gene induce progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 3 (PFIC3). Phenotypically, mutation in mdr2 in mice resembles the disruption of MDR3 in human.(More)
Bile acids are believed to play a role in the etiology of colorectal cancer, and high fecal excretion of secondary bile acids was correlated with increased incidence of colon cancer. Recently, it was also reported that there is an increase in plasma of the secondary bile acid, deoxycholic acid in men with colorectal adenomas. Since deoxycholic acid is(More)
BACKGROUND It is well known that urine becomes the major route for bile acid excretion in liver diseases and thus we examined bile acid profile in urine obtained from normal children and children having chronic liver diseases using electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ES/MS/MS). MATERIAL/METHODS Bile acid were extracted from 5 ml of urine obtained from(More)
Cholesterol gallstones affect approximately 10-15% of the adult population in North America. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is considered to be the main cholesterol solubilizer in bile. This study examined the effect of a PC-enriched diet on gallstone incidence in mice susceptible to cholelithiasis. The result obtained showed that the feeding of a lithogenic (LG)(More)
A simple method for the determination of bile acids in adult human fecal samples using GC-MS is described. Bile acids are directly extracted from feces by ethanol (95%) containing 0.1 N NaOH. Extracts are purified by passage through a reversed-phase C18 silica cartridge and then analyzed by GC-MS. The present study has shown that lyophilized human feces(More)
Simultaneous evaluation of HMG-CoA reductase and cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase activities by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (ES-MS-MS) was performed. The assay was based on the measurement of mevalonolactone (MVL) and 7α-hydroxycholesterol (7α-OHC) produced by the incubation of HMG-CoA with hepatic microsomes in the presence of NADPH and(More)
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