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BACKGROUND Cranioplasty is undertaken as a routine secondary operation following craniectomy. At a time when decompressive craniectomy is being evaluated by several large trials, we aimed to evaluate the morbidity associated with cranioplasty and investigate its potential effect on outcome. METHODS The outcomes of 166 patients undergoing cranioplasty at(More)
In this paper, we present an automatic method for estimating the trajectories of Escherichia coli bacteria from in vivo phase-contrast microscopy. To address the low-contrast boundaries in cellular images, an adaptive kernel-based technique is applied to detect cells in each frame. In addition to intensity features, region homogeneity measure and class(More)
With an increased emphasis on transportation safety requirements, Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) have emerged as the key underlying technology in the realization of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). The IEEE-1609 set of standards for Wireless Access for Vehicular Environment (WAVE) specifies an architecture that includes new standards for(More)
OBJECTIVES Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) has a complex etiology with a significant genetic component. Heterozygous mutations of canalicular transporters occur in a subset of ICP cases and a population susceptibility allele (p.444A) has been identified in ABCB11. We sought to expand our knowledge of the detailed genetic contribution to ICP by(More)