Shahid Aziz Anwer Khan

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The attenuation and immunogenicity of two novel Salmonella vaccine strains, Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (Ty2 Delta aroC Delta ssaV, designated ZH9) and S. enterica serovar Typhimurium (TML Delta aroC Delta ssaV, designated WT05), were evaluated after their oral administration to volunteers as single escalating doses of 10(7), 10(8), or 10(9) CFU. ZH9(More)
BACKGROUND Intracorporeal urinary diversion (ICUD) has the potential benefits of a smaller incision, reduced pain, decreased bowel exposure, and reduced risk of fluid imbalance. OBJECTIVE To compare the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing extracorporeal urinary diversion (ECUD) and ICUD following robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC). (More)
Spleen and peritoneal macrophages obtained from innately resistant A/J mice released low levels of interleukin 18 (IL-18) upon infection with Salmonella typhimurium C5 RP4. Incubating the cells with recombinant gamma interferon (rIFN-gamma) enhanced IL-18 production. A/J mice treated in vivo with anti-IL-18 antibodies showed impaired resistance to(More)
The roles of the NADPH phagocyte oxidase (phox) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in host resistance to virulent Salmonella typhimurium were investigated in gp91phox(-/)-, iNOS(-/)-, and congenic wild-type mice. Although both gp91phox(-/)- and iNOS(-/)- mice demonstrated increased susceptibility to infection with S. typhimurium compared with(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing outcomes between Open Radical Cystectomy (ORC), Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy (LRC) and Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy (RARC). RARC is to be compared to LRC and ORC and LRC compared to ORC. MATERIAL AND METHODS A systematic review of the literature was conducted, collating studies(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing body of evidence suggests a possible role of suburothelial myofibroblasts (MFs) in bladder mechanosensation and in the pathophysiology of detrusor overactivity (DO). OBJECTIVE To determine whether markers of MFs, including gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) and c-kit have altered immunohistochemical expression in the(More)
Novel candidate live oral vaccines based on a Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi ZH9 (Ty2 DeltaaroC DeltassaV) derivative that directed the expression of either the B subunit of Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin or hepatitis B virus core antigen from the bacterial chromosome using the in vivo inducible ssaG promoter were constructed. The levels of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the hypothesis that the need for clean intermittent self-catheterization after botulinum neurotoxin type A injections is outweighed by the efficacy of this treatment, so that clean intermittent self-catheterization is not a burden for patients with refractory idiopathic detrusor overactivity. METHODS Women undergoing intradetrusor(More)
The attenuated S. typhimurium SL3261 (aroA) strain causes mild infections in BALB/c mice. We were able to exacerbate the disease by administering anti-interleukin-12 (IL-12) antibodies, resulting in bacterial counts in the spleens and livers of anti-IL-12-treated mice that were 10- to 100-fold higher than the ones normally observed in premortem mice; yet(More)
A defined allelic-replacement mutant of the sly gene, encoding a thiol-activated cytolysin, from a European isolate of Streptococcus suis serotype 2 was generated and characterized. Unlike the parental strain, it is nonhemolytic, noncytotoxic for cultured macrophage-like cells, avirulent in a mouse infection model, yet only slightly attenuated in a porcine(More)