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The retinoid-related orphan receptors (RORs) and liver X receptors (LXRs) were postulated to have distinct functions. RORs play a role in tissue development and circadian rhythm, whereas LXRs are sterol sensors that affect lipid homeostasis. In this study, we revealed a novel function of RORalpha (NR1F1) in regulating the oxysterol 7alpha-hydroxylase(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver X receptor (LXR) is known to promote hepatic lipogenesis by activating the lipogenic transcriptional factor sterol regulatory element-binding protein (Srebp). Pregnane X receptor (PXR), a previously known "xenobiotic receptor," could mediate a Srebp-independent lipogenic pathway by activating the free fatty acid uptake transporter(More)
UNLABELLED Gallstone disease is a hepatobiliary disorder due to biochemical imbalances in the gallbladder bile. In this report, we show that activation of nuclear receptor liver X receptor (LXR) sensitized mice to lithogenic diet-induced gallbladder cholesterol crystallization, which was associated with dysregulation of several hepatic transporters that(More)
The thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC, SLC12A3) mediates salt reabsorption in the distal nephron of the kidney and is the target of thiazide diuretics, which are commonly prescribed to treat hypertension. Mutations in NCC also give rise to Gitelman syndrome, a hereditary salt-wasting disorder thought in most cases to arise from impaired NCC(More)
Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. The androgens-androgen receptor signaling plays an important role in normal prostate development, as well as in prostatic diseases, such as benign hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Accordingly, androgen ablation has been the most effective endocrine therapy(More)
The thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC) is the primary mediator of salt reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule and is a key determinant of the blood pressure set point. Given its complex topology, NCC is inefficiently processed and prone to endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD), although the mechanisms governing this process(More)
The liver X receptor (LXR) and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are two nuclear receptors postulated to have distinct functions. LXR is a sterol sensor that promotes lipogenesis, whereas CAR is a xenosensor that controls xenobiotic responses. Here, we show that LXRα and CAR are functionally related in vivo. Loss of CAR increased the expression of(More)
The retinoid-related orphan receptors (RORs) and liver X receptors (LXRs) were postulated to have distinct functions. RORs play a role in tissue development and circadian rhythm, whereas LXRs are sterol sensors that affect lipid homeostasis. In this study, we revealed a novel function of ROR␣ (NR1F1) in regulating the oxysterol 7␣-hydroxylase (Cyp7b1), an(More)
We discuss the application of fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) for characterization of anomalous diffusion of tracer particles in crowded environments. While the fact of anomaly may be detected by the standard fitting procedure, the value of the exponent α of anomalous diffusion may be not reproduced correctly for non-Gaussian anomalous diffusion(More)
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