Shahamat U. Khan

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The fate of antibiotic residues in the manure of treated animals is of considerable concern because of the potential development of antibioticresistant bacteria in the environment and because of the effect of these residues on manure treatment systems. The objective of this study was to determine the fate and effect of oxytetracycline (OTC) during the(More)
A versatile bacterial strain able to convert polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was isolated, and a conversion by the isolate of both individual substances and PAH mixtures was investigated. The strain belonged to the Sphingomonas genus as determined on the basis of 16S rRNA analysis and was designated as VKM B-2434. The strain used naphthalene,(More)
Oxytetracycline (OTC) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used in livestock production. The widespread use and relative persistence of OTC may encourage development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The objective of this study was to determine whether composting would substantially reduce the concentration of OTC found in manure from medicated animals. The(More)
This study was undertaken to provide an insight into the effect of heterogeneous soil organic matter (SOM) on the sorption of phenanthrene. Humic acid (HA) and humin were extracted from a peat soil. Humin was further fractionated into bound-humic acid (BHA), lipid, and insoluble residue (IR) fractions. Heterogeneous natures of these fractions were(More)
The effect of copper on adsorption of p-nitrophenol on two typical Chinese soils was investigated using a batch-equilibration method. Adsorption experiments were carried out when both copper and p-nitrophenol were adsorbed simultaneously, and when copper was previously adsorbed on soils. It was observed that adsorption of p-nitrophenol decreased with(More)
The purpose of this work is to develop a bio-relevant dissolution method for formulation screening in order to select an enhanced bioavailable formulation for a poorly water-soluble drug. The methods used included a modified rotating disk apparatus for measuring intrinsic dissolution rate of the new chemical entity (NCE) and the USP dissolution method II(More)
The adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic of atrazine on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) containing 0.85%, 2.16%, and 7.07% oxygen was studied. Kinetic analyses were performed using pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and intraparticle diffusion models. The regression results showed that the pseudo-second-order law fit the adsorption(More)
Japanese medakas (Oryzias latipes) and triolein-embedded cellulose acetate membranes (TECAMs) were exposed simultaneously to benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF) in the static exposure system containing different concentrations of humic acid (HA). The concentration-response relationships of induced hepatic 7-ethoxysorufin-o-deethylase (EROD) activity were established(More)
Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) was carried out for the determination of the fungicides thiophanate methyl [1.2-alpha-(3-methoxycarbonyl-2-thioureido)benzene] and carbendazim (methyl benzimidazol-2-ylcarbamate) in vegetable samples. Two vegetable samples, cabbage and tomatoes, were fortified with the two pesticides and subjected to MAE followed by(More)
In this paper we report an extension of our previous work on the triolein-embedded cellulose acetate membrane (TECAM) as a passive sampling device (PSD) and describe the results from simultaneous exposure of TECAMs and triolein-containing semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) to PAHs in lake water for 16 days. The data obtained provided a comparison of the(More)