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The chemokine RANTES (regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted) and its cognate receptor CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) have been implicated in regulating immune cell function. Previously we reported that in T cells, RANTES activation of CCR5 results in Stat1 and Stat3 phosphorylation-activation, leading to Stat1:1 and Stat1:3 dimers(More)
The p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is activated during engagement of the type I interferon (IFN) receptor and mediates signals essential for IFNalpha-dependent transcriptional activation via interferon-stimulated response elements without affecting formation of the ISGF3 complex. In the present study, we provide evidence that the small GTPase(More)
The p38 mitogen-activated protein (Map) kinase plays a critical role in the generation of signals in response to stress stimuli, but its role in interferon (IFN) signaling and its potential regulatory role in the activation of Jak-signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) pathway are not known. In the present study, we provide evidence that(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of DNA repair genes seem to determine the DNA repair capacity. We hypothesized that polymorphisms of genes responsible for DNA repair may be associated with risk of thyroid cancer. To evaluate the role of genetic polymorphisms of DNA repair genes in thyroid cancer, we conducted a hospital-based case-control study in Saudi population.(More)
Curcumin has been shown to possess variety of biological functions including anti-tumor activity. The mechanism by which curcumin inhibit cell proliferation remains poorly understood. In the present report, we investigated the effect of curcumin on the activation of apoptotic pathway in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) malignant cells. Our data(More)
Several signaling pathways are activated by interferon alpha (IFNalpha) in hematopoietic cells, including the Jak-Stat and the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) pathways. It has been previously shown that IFNalpha activates the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3'-kinase via an interaction of the p85 subunit of PI 3'-kinase with IRS proteins. Other studies have(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) has been found to be altered in several solid and haematological tumours. ALK gene copy number changes and mutations in colorectal cancers (CRCs) are not well characterised. We aimed to study the prevalence of ALK copy number changes, translocations, gene mutations and protein expression in 770 CRC(More)
Interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) induces rapid tyrosine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), a docking protein with multiple tyrosine phosphorylation sites that bind to the Src homology 2 (SH2) domains of various signaling proteins. During IFN alpha stimulation, the p85 regulatory subunit of the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase binds via(More)
Type I interferons (IFNalpha and IFNbeta) transduce signals by inducing tyrosine phosphorylation of Jaks and Stats, as well as the CrkL adapter, an SH2/SH3-containing protein which provides a link to downstream pathways that mediate growth inhibition. We report that Stat5 interacts constitutively with the IFN receptor-associated Tyk-2 kinase, and during(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms that regulate mitogenic and antiapoptotic signals in primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) are not well known. In efforts to identify novel approaches to block the proliferation of PEL cells, we assessed the effect of apigenin (4',5,7-trihydroxyflavone), a flavonoid on a panel of PEL cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS We studied the(More)