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Maternal treatment with corticosteroids reduces blood-brain barrier permeability in premature ovine fetuses and the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage in premature infants. We tested the hypothesis that maternally administered corticosteroids increase the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins in the cerebral cortex of ovine fetuses with and(More)
Deleterious effects result from both glucocorticoid insufficiency and excess glucocorticoid tissue exposure in the developing brain. Accumulating evidence suggests a net benefit of postnatal glucocorticoid therapy when administered shortly after the first week of life to premature infants with early and persistent pulmonary dysfunction, particularly in(More)
Preterm birth can be caused by intrauterine infection and maternal/fetal inflammatory responses. Maternal inflammation (chorioamnionitis) is often followed by a systemic fetal inflammatory response characterized by elevated levels of proinflammatory cytokines in the fetal circulation. The inflammation signal is likely transmitted across the blood-brain(More)
We examined the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins in the cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and spinal cord of fetuses after maternal treatment with single and multiple courses of dexamethasone. Ewes received either single courses of four 6-mg dexamethasone or placebo injections every 12 h for 48 h between 104 and 107 days or the same treatment once a(More)
BACKGROUND The antipyretic effectiveness of rectal versus oral acetaminophen is not well established. This study is designed to compare the antipyretic effectiveness of two rectal acetaminophen doses (15 mg/kg) and (35 mg/kg), to the standard oral dose of 15 mg/kg. METHODS This is a randomized, double-dummy, double-blind study of 51 febrile children,(More)
We examined the effects of single and multiple maternal glucocorticoid courses on cerebral cortical (CC) and renal cortical (RC) Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity and protein isoform abundance in fetal sheep. Ewes received four dexamethasone or placebo injections in the single course (SC) groups, and the same treatment once a week for five-weeks in the multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Premature infants are at risk for persistent neurodevelopmental impairment. Children born preterm often exhibit reduced hippocampal volumes that correlate with deficits in working memory. Perinatal inflammation is associated with preterm birth and brain abnormalities. Here we examine the effects of postnatal systemic inflammation on the(More)
We examined the effects of single and multiple maternal glucocorticoid courses on apoptosis in the cerebral cortices of ovine fetuses (CC). Ewes received single dexamethasone or placebo courses at 104-106 or 133-135 days or multiple courses between 76-78 and 104-106 days gestation. In the single-course groups, ewes received four 6 mg dexamethasone or(More)
Prolonged maternal magnesium sulphate infusion therapy for tocolysis of premature labour may result in secondary fetal hypermagnesaemia, which has been associated with bony abnormalities in the newborn. We report on four infants, members of two twin pregnancies, who were exposed to prolonged fetal hypermagnesaemia. Three of the infants, all appropriate for(More)