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Despite decades of study, the exact mechanism of action of lead, a potent neurotoxic agent, have not been fully elucidated. One of the suggested mechanism of lead neurotoxicity is apoptotic cell death. The present study sought to examine the effect of acute lead poisoning on apoptosis in rat hippocampus. Two to four and 12-14 week old rats were treated for(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most common Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-acquired infection. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of continuous and intermittent administration of piperacillin-tazobactam by serial measurements of the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS(More)
INTRODUCTION Isoniazid, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide, the first-line antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs, are associated with hepatotoxicity. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To study the hepatoprotective effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on liver injury induced by anti-TB drugs. METHODS A randomized clinical trial was conducted on 60 new TB patients who were aged 60(More)
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a frequent cause for hospitalization and occur often in hospitalized patients. The objective of this study was to establish an ADR reporting and monitoring system at a teaching hospital. The pharmacovigilance unit of Masih Daneshvari hospital was established by a clinical pharmacist and a clinical pharmacologist. Healthcare(More)
Medication errors are among the most common medical errors in the hospitals. Transcription error is a specific type of medication errors and is due to data entry error that is commonly made by the human operators. This study was designed to detect transcription errors in a teaching hospital in Tehran. Direct observational method was used in this study.(More)
Ginger, the rhizome of Zingiber officinalis, has long been used as herbal medicine for its antiemetic effect. For evaluating the effect of zingiber officinalis on nausea and vomiting (N and V) in patients receiving cisplatin based regimens, a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled cross-over clinical trial was carried out in patients receiving cisplatin(More)
To evaluate the physical and chemical stability of a suspension of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prepared in the hospital from commercially available MMF capsules and tablets. Extemporaneous pharmacy was used as a feasible method in this experimental study to prepare suspension form of MMF. Suspension formulations were prepared from both tablets and capsules(More)
UNLABELLED Warfarin is widely used anticoagulant drug for the prophylaxis and treatment of venous and arterial thromboembolic disorders and exerts its anticoagulant effect by inhibiting the vitamin K epoxide reductase. To determine the impact of genetic variants of the vitamin K epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 gene (VKORC1) on the anticoagulant response(More)
OBJECTIVES To report the case of a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who developed vincristine (VCR)-induced seizure after R-CHOP chemotherapy. CASE SUMMARY A 22-year-old boy with DLBCL developed generalized tonic clonic seizures following R-CHOP chemotherapy. After receiving the third cycle of chemotherapy, he developed Aspergillus(More)
Detection of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in hospitals provides an important measure of the burden of drug related morbidity on the healthcare system. Spontaneous reporting of ADRs is scare and several obstacles to such reporting have been identified formerly. This study aimed to determine the role of clinical pharmacy residents in ADR reporting within a(More)