Learn More
Autofluorescent protein tags represent one of the major and, perhaps, most powerful tools in modern cell biology for visualization of various cellular processes in vivo. In addition, advances in confocal microscopy and the development of autofluorescent proteins with different excitation and emission spectra allowed their simultaneous use for detection of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive cell loss confined mostly to dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra. Several factors, including oxidative stress, and decreased activity of complex I mitochondrial respiratory chain, are involved in the degenerative process. Yet, the underlying mechanisms leading to(More)
Genetic transformation of plants by Agrobacterium, which in nature causes neoplastic growths, represents the only known case of trans-kingdom DNA transfer. Furthermore, under laboratory conditions, Agrobacterium can also transform a wide range of other eukaryotic species, from fungi to sea urchins to human cells. How can the Agrobacterium virulence(More)
Caspase-3 is an effector of apoptosis in experimental models of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, its potential role in the human pathology remains to be demonstrated. Using caspase-3 immunohistochemistry on the postmortem human brain, we observed a positive correlation between the degree of neuronal loss in dopaminergic (DA) cell groups affected in the(More)
Morphological and biochemical alterations have been described in neurons of the aged human brain. However, the cell death process associated with neuronal senescence remains to be elucidated. Apoptosis and autophagic degeneration, two modes of programmed cell death described in embryogenesis and tissue renewal in adult, have been observed in nigral(More)
The expression of the protooncogene bcl-2, an inhibitor of apoptosis in various cells, was examined in the adult human brain. Several experimental criteria were used to verify its presence; mRNA was analyzed by northern blot with parallel experiments in mouse tissues, by RNase protection, and by in situ hybridization histochemistry. Bcl-2 protein was(More)
The subnormal choline acetyltransferase (ChoAcTase) activity in the cerebral cortex of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) is thought to originate from the loss of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). To examine possible changes in the functional activity of the remaining cholinergic neurons in the nbM of patients with AD, the level(More)
Bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) represents one of the most advanced and powerful tools for studying and visualizing protein-protein interactions in living cells. In this method, putative interacting protein partners are fused to complementary non-fluorescent fragments of an autofluorescent protein, such as the yellow spectral variant of the(More)
We have previously shown that the phorbol ester, TPA, which activates protein kinase C, causes, in PC12 cells, a transcriptional activation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the key enzyme in catecholamine synthesis. The study has now been extended to examine the processes that underlie this transcriptional stimulation and, in addition, to seek whether similar(More)