Shachi Gosavi

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Protein dynamics take place on many time and length scales. Coarse-grained structure-based (Go) models utilize the funneled energy landscape theory of protein folding to provide an understanding of both long time and long length scale dynamics. All-atom empirical forcefields with explicit solvent can elucidate our understanding of short time dynamics with(More)
Large conformational changes in the LID and NMP domains of adenylate kinase (AKE) are known to be key to ligand binding and catalysis, yet the order of binding events and domain motion is not well understood. Combining the multiple available structures for AKE with the energy landscape theory for protein folding, a theoretical model was developed for(More)
Recent experimental studies suggest that the mature GFP has an unconventional landscape composed of an early folding event with a typical funneled landscape, followed by a very slow search and rearrangement step into the locked, active chromophore-containing structure. As we have shown previously, the substantial difference in time scales is what generates(More)
0022-2836/$ see front matter q 2005 E Abbreviations used: IL-1b, interle molecular dynamics; MC, multicano relative contact order; lrc, long rang E-mail address of the correspond jonuchic@ucsd.edu The cytokine, interleukin-1b (IL-1b), adopts a b-trefoil fold. It is known to be much slower folding than similarly sized proteins, despite having a low contact(More)
Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is the cytokine crucial to inflammatory and immune response. Two dominant routes are populated in the folding to native structure. These distinct routes are a result of the competition between early packing of the functional loops versus closure of the β-barrel to achieve efficient folding and have been observed both experimentally(More)
Proteins fold on a biologically-relevant timescale because of a funnel-shaped energy landscape. This landscape is sculpted through evolution by selecting amino-acid sequences that stabilize native interactions while suppressing stable non-native interactions that occur during folding. However, there is strong evolutionary selection for functional residues(More)
The cytokine, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), adopts a beta-trefoil fold. It is known to be much slower folding than similarly sized proteins, despite having a low contact order. Proteins are sufficiently well designed that their folding is not dominated by local energetic traps. Therefore, protein models that encode only the folded structure and are(More)
Despite having remarkably similar three-dimensional structures and stabilities, IL-1beta promotes signaling, whereas IL-1Ra inhibits it. Their energy landscapes are similar and have coevolved to facilitate competitive binding to the IL-1 receptor. Nevertheless, we find that IL-1Ra folds faster than IL-1beta. A structural alignment of the proteins shows(More)
In general, the energy landscapes of real proteins are sufficiently well designed that the depths of local energetic minima are small compared with the global bias of the native state. Because of the funneled nature of energy landscapes, models that lack energetic frustration have been able to capture the main structural features of the transition states(More)
Although the folding rates of proteins have been studied extensively, both experimentally and theoretically, and many native state topological parameters have been proposed to correlate with or predict these rates, unfolding rates have received much less attention. Moreover, unfolding rates have generally been thought either to not relate to native topology(More)